Springboard for School Readiness Project Impact Evaluation 2014
This impact evaluation was designed to assess effectiveness of the Springboard for School Readiness Project, which aims to promote preschool attendance among segregated comminutes in Bulgaria, especially Roma communities.
This study is a randomized controlled trial seeking to assess the effectiveness of an early childhood development services, combining outreach with conditional and unconditional cash transfer for parents wishing to send their children to preschool. The primary objective of this impact evaluation is to provide policy relevant information on how to most cost-effectively address preschool participation, promote quality early learning, and promote full inclusion in the broad sense for poor Roma children in Bulgaria. Since early learning and socialization provide a critical foundation for all children, the long-term follow-up envisioned under this project will also inform the policy debate on promoting cost-effective strategies for learning at the primary level and beyond.
The evaluation and intervention were designed by the World Bank in partnership with the Trust for Social Achievement (TSA) under the America for Bulgaria Foundation.
The project is focused on children 3 to 5 years old and their parents. The baseline survey was implemented in April - June 2014; the endline survey is planned for the spring of 2015. The baseline survey documented here covered 5,712 households in 236 segregated communities in Bulgaria.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
v01 (edited, anonymous datasets)
The scope of the study includes:
Household demographic characteristics,
Children's learning skills
Durables and income
Parents' education perceptions
236 segregated (generally Roma) communities in Bulgaria
Producers and sponsors
Joost de Laat
University of California, Berkeley
Trust for Social Achievement
America for Bulgaria Foundation
Open Society Institute - Sofia
Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund
The study involves three randomizations to determine the treatment status of the eligible participants.
First, in each of 240 eligible communities, 30 households were chosen by the Trust for Social Achievement Foundation (TSA). One child was chosen from each household (if there were more than one sibling of kindergarten age (3-5 for the 2014-2015 school year)). Out of 30 households, only 25 were interviewed and followed, five households were chosen as replacement backups.
240 eligible communities were identified using a list of segregated communities previously created by Open Society Institute-Sofia (OSI - Sofia) several years ago. TSA/World Bank used the list to identify a subset of 240 communities that could accommodate the project.
Then, a public lottery was organized to determine the treatment status of 240 confirmed communities.
The Community Listing excercise collected the following information:
At the community level:
Municipality population size
Settlement population size (if not number of people, at least number of households)
Estimated number of children aged 3-5 (during the 2014-2015 school year)
Settlement area (estimate)
Estimated (by OSI) share of Roma
Average distance to the kindergarten from the settlement (both in meters and in time)
Presence of civil society organizations active on promoting preschool
Wealth characteristics - based on the quality of housing? Other characteristics of the neighborhood like roads, sanitation, electricity, water tap?
At the kindergarten level:
Number of teachers
Number of classes
Number of pupils
Number of rooms suitable for a class
Number of additional children 3-5 that could be accommodated with existing physical/teacher infrastructure
The Baseline Questionnaire collected information on:
Wealth of the household (e.g. income, consumption, quality of the housing, possession of durable goods)
Educational background of parents
Occupation of parents and time allocation
Distance to school
Ethnicity (self-reported and reported by interviewer)
Participation to school of all children in the household
Perceptions of education
Dates of Data Collection
Open Society Institute - Sofia
Data Collection Notes
Intervention A: Free access to preschool education. The intervention consists of covering the full cost of education to eligible households to ensure that affordability is not an obstacle. The cost of education includes fees as well as other financial contributions that teachers ask parents to make for school supplies. The fees and other financial contributions to schools will be directly paid to the school by the program implementing partner (Trust for Social Achievement Foundation).
Intervention B: Free access to preschool education + financial incentive. This intervention offers the same benefits as the previous one, but adds a financial incentive - a monthly bonus to the family provided the child attends preschool daily (with the exception of absences as a result of illness, etc.). The amount of the financial incentive will be about half of the child allowance.
Intervention C: Information about the benefits of education and promoting interaction between parents and preschool officials. The intervention consists of engaging eligible parents in a discussion about the benefits of preschool education. It also raises awareness of the importance of preschool education in further education and professional life of a child.
Education - GP
Joost de Laat
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
the Identification of the Primary Investigator
the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
the survey reference number
the source and date of download
Joost de Laat, World Bank; Elise Huillery, Sciences Po; Paul Gertler, University of California, Berkeley. Bulgaria Springboard for School Readiness Project Impact Evaluation 2014, Baseline Survey. Ref. BGR_2014_SSRIE-BL_v01_M_v01_A_PUF. Dataset downloaded from [URL] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.