This dataset consists of early learning development data collected using the Early Learning Outcomes Measure (ELOM) assessment tool. The ELOM was developed on behalf of Innovation Edge by Andrew Dawes, Linda Biersteker, Elizabeth Girdwood, Matthew Snelling and Colin Tedoux. Prior to the development of this tool, there was no validated South African instrument for measuring programme performance against early learning development standards. The ELOM is an age-normed, standardised instrument for use with children in two age groups: 50-59 months and 60-69 months. The tool covers both direct assessment of children’s performance and an assessment of the child’s social and emotional functioning and orientation to tasks.
Kind of Data
Observation data/ratings [obs]
Unit of Analysis
v1.1 Edited, anonymised data for public distribution
Version 1 was deposited with DataFirst in 20170217. Version 1.1 has minor changes to value labels and includes ID numbers generated by Innovation Edge for those schools which do not have EMIS numbers. Schools with generated numbers are:
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000001 Kafentse Kalaote
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000002 Akofanga
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000004 Laerskool Orkney
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000005 Laerskool Stilfontein
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000006 Klerksdorp Primary
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000007 Nkagisang
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000008 Bosworth
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000009 Maheelo
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000010 Buffelsfontein
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000011 Kaegile
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000012 Vyfhoek Primary
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000013 Fikadibeng
North West Kenneth Kuanda 600000014 Buffelsvlei
Western Cape Metro East 100000003 Kukhanyile
Western Cape Metro East 100000007 RR Franks
Western Cape Metro East 100000008 Kraaifontein AME
ELOM data includes data on the child's school: School setting (province, rural/urban, traditional), school quintile, and school name. Data on each child includes the child's age, home language, height, and child performance scores collected using the Early Learning Outcomes Measure (ELOM) tool developed by the researchers. This tool allows for both direct assessment of children’s performance as well as an assessment of the child’s social and emotional functioning and orientation to tasks. Direct Assessment consists of 23 items measuring indicators of the child’s early development in five domains which are internationally accepted recognised as key learning and developmental areas. These include: Gross motor development, fine motor coordination and visual motor integration, emergent numeracy and mathematics, cognition and executive functioning, and emergent literacy and language. The child's Task Orientation is also rated by the assessor during direct assessment. The child’s capacity for self-care (toileting), relations with peers and adults, and emotional functioning are measured with a Teacher Assessment.
Early child development
The assessment was undertaken in schools in the Western Cape, KwaZulu Natal, and North West Provinces of South Africa
The lowest level of geographic aggregation in the data is province.
The assessment focused on children between the ages of 49-69 months in the selected schools.
Producers and sponsors
D.G. Murray Trust
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
Data collection for the project was granted ethics approval by the Ethics Review Committee of the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Cape Town on 11 November 2015. The ethics clearance document is provided with the data.
Data Collection Notes
Data was collected using the Early Learning Outcomes Measure (ELOM) tool which includes the following components: ELOM Direct Assessment Kit, ELOM Direct Assessment Kit list, ELOM Direct Assessment Manual, ELOM Technical Manual, ELOM Scoring Sheet, Open source online protocol for tablet/phone-based scoring and data capture, ELOM Teacher Assessment of the Child.
Version 1.1 (June 2018)
Identical to DataFirst Version 1 (zaf-ie-elom-2016-v1.1), except for DDI and ID fields that were edited.