The 2006 Belize Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey has as its primary objectives:
• To provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in Belize;
• To furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established in the Millennium Declaration, the goals of A World Fit For Children (WFFC), and other internationally agreed upon goals, as a basis for future action;
• To contribute to the improvement of data and monitoring systems in Belize and to strengthen technical expertise in the design, implementation, and analysis of such systems.
Kind of data
Sample survey data [ssd]
- v01: Edited, anonymous datasets for public distribution.
Notes on the Belize survey:
1. The marriage module was not included in the survey. Indicators which require information on marital status can therefore not be calculated. These indicators are: 'Contraceptive prevalence', 'Unmet need for family planning', 'Demand satisfied for family planning', 'Age at first sex among young people' and 'Age-mixing among sexual partners'.
2. In these datasets, for the variable "Ethnicity grouped" (HC1Brev), 2 households have been recoded to missing, instead of system missing. The final report which can also be found on this website was produced using an earlier set of datasets in which this correction had not been made. Therefore the tables constructed from these datasets may show some slight differences compared to those found in the published final report.
Unit of analysis
- Children under 5
Producers and sponsors
United Nations Children’s Fund
The sample for the Belize Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was designed to provide estimates on a large number of indicators on the situation of children and women at the national level, for urban and rural areas, and for the 6 districts: Corozal, Orange Walk, Belize, Cayo, Stann Creek and Toledo. The sample was selected in two stages: (i) the selection of 3 enumeration districts (EDs) within each of the sampling region designated as Primary Sampling Units (PSUs) and (ii) the systematic selection of 20 households within each PSU. The sample is self-weighting with each household in the sample universe being given an equal probability of being represented in the sample. A total of 2,400 households were sampled countrywide. However, there were some non-interviews which were uneven across geographical areas. For reporting national level results, sample weights were used.
Of the 2,400 households selected for the sample, 2,068 were found to be occupied. Of these, 1,832 were successfully interviewed for a household response rate of 88.6 percent. In the interviewed households, 1,828 women (age 15-49) were identified. Of these, 1,675 were successfully interviewed, yielding a response rate of 91.6 percent. In addition, 835 children under age five were listed in the household questionnaire. Questionnaires were completed for 796 of these children, which corresponds to a response rate of 95.3 percent. Overall response rates of 81.2 and 84.5 are calculated for the women’s and under-5’s interviews respectively.
Dates of collection
Mode of data collection
Three questionnaires were used in the survey: 1) a household questionnaire which was used to collect
information on all de jure household members, the household, and the dwelling; 2) a women's
questionnaire administered in each household to all women aged 15-49 years; and 3) an under-5 questionnaire, administered to mothers or caretakers of all children under 5 living in the household. The questionnaires included the following modules:
The Household Questionnaire included the following modules:
o Household Listing
o Water and Sanitation
o Household Characteristics
o Child Discipline
o Salt Iodization
The Questionnaire for Individual Women was administered to all women aged 15-49 years living in the households, and included the following modules:
o Child Mortality
o Tetanus Toxoid
o Maternal and Newborn Health
o Contraception and Unmet Need
o Attitudes Toward Domestic Violence
o Sexual Behaviour
The Questionnaire for Children Under-Five was administered to mothers or caretakers of children under-5 years of age2 living in the households. Normally, the questionnaire was administered to mothers of under-5 children; in cases when the mother was not listed in the household roster, a primary caretaker for the child was identified and interviewed. The questionnaire included the following modules:
o Birth Registration and Early Learning
o Child Development
o Vitamin A
o Care of Illness
The questionnaires are based on the MICS3 model questionnaire. The MICS3 model questionnaires were adapted and pre-tested during December 2006. Based on the results of the pre-test, modifications were made to the wording of the questionnaires.
Data were entered using the CSPro software. The data were entered on two microcomputers and carried out by 2 data entry operators and a data entry supervisor over a five-week period. In order to ensure quality control, all questionnaires were entered twice and internal consistency checks were performed. Procedures and standard programs developed under the global MICS3 project and adapted to Belize's questionnaire were used throughout. Data processing began in March 2006 and finished in April 2006.
The sample of respondents selected in the Belize Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey is only one of the samples that could have been selected from the same population, using the same design and size. Each of these samples would yield results that differ somewhat from the results of the actual sample selected. Sampling errors are a measure of the variability between all possible samples. The extent of variability is not known exactly, but can be estimated statistically from the survey results.
The following sampling error measures are presented for each of the selected indicators:
- Standard error (se): Sampling errors are usually measured in terms of standard errors for particular indicators (means, proportions etc). Standard error is the square root of the variance. The Taylor linearization method is used for the estimation of standard errors.
- Coefficient of variation (se/r) is the ratio of the standard error to the value of the indicator - Design effect (deff) is the ratio of the actual variance of an indicator, under the sampling method used in the survey, to the variance calculated under the assumption of simple random sampling. The square root of the design effect (deft) is used to show the efficiency of the sample design. A deft value of 1.0 indicates that the sample design is as efficient as a simple random sample, while a deft value above 1.0 indicates the increase in the standard error due to the use of a more complex sample design.
- Confidence limits are calculated to show the interval within which the true value for the population can be reasonably assumed to fall. For any given statistic calculated from the survey, the value of that statistics will fall within a range of plus or minus two times the standard error (p + 2.se or p – 2.se) of the statistic in 95 percent of all possible samples of identical size and design.
Sampling errors are calculated for indicators of primary interest, for the national total, for the regions, and for urban and rural areas. Three of the selected indicators are based on households, 8 are based on household members, 13 are based on women, and 15 are based on children under 5. All indicators presented are in the form of proportions.
Note: See detailed sampling error tables in APPENDIX C of the report which is presented in this documentation.
Other forms of data appraisal
Data Quality Tables
- Age distribution of household population
- Age distribution of eligible and interviewed women
- Age distribution of eligible and interviewed under-5s
- Age distribution of under-5 children
- Heaping on ages and periods
- Percentage of observations missing information for selected questions and indicators (Under-5 uestionnaire, weighted), Country, Year
- Presence of mother in the household and the person interviewed for the under-5 questionnaire
- School attendance by single age
- Sex ratio at birth among children ever born and living
- Distribution of women by time since last birth
Note: See detailed tables in APPENDIX D of the report which is presented in this documentation.
Users of the data agree to keep confidential all data contained in these datasets and to make no attempt to identify, trace or contact any individual whose data is included in these datasets.
Survey datasets are distributed at no cost for legitimate research.
Interested users are requested to provide an e-mail address, their name, affiliation and type of institution and country of residence. A short description of the objectives of the research project must also be provided
Users who download the data agree to provide UNICEF with copies of all reports and publications based on the requested data.
The data may not be redistributed or sold to other individuals, institutions, or organizations without the written agreement of UNICEF.
No attempt will be made to re-identify respondents, and no use will be made of the identity of any person discovered inadvertently. Any such discovery would immediately be reported to UNICEF.
Email: email@example.com <mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org>
Global MICS Coordinator
Statistics and Monitoring
Division of Policy and Practice
Three United Nations Plaza
New York, NY 10017
Requests for access to the datasets should be made through the website: https://www.childinfo.org.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download of the data files (for datasets obtained on-line)
United Nations Children's Fund, Statistical Institute of Belize. Belize Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2006, Ref. BLZ_2006_MICS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from [url] on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
MICS Programme Manager
World Bank, Development Economics Data Group
Generation of DDI documentation
Version 01 (June 2011).
Version 02 (August 2019). This version is identical to version 01, except datasets were added and variable-level information was provided.