Girl Empower Impact Evaluation Survey 2015-2017, A gender Transformative Mentoring and Cash Transfer Intervention to Promote Adolescent Wellbeing
A gender Transformative Mentoring and Cash Transfer Intervention to Promote Adolescent Wellbeing
Other Household Survey [hh/oth]
Background: We evaluated Girl Empower – an intervention that aimed to equip adolescent girls with the skills to make healthy, strategic life choices and to stay safe from sexual abuse using a cluster-randomized controlled trial with three arms: control, Girl Empower (GE), and GE+. Methods: GE delivered a life skills curriculum to girls aged 13–14 in Liberia, facilitated by local female mentors. In the GE+ variation, a cash incentive payment was offered to caregivers for girls’ participation in the program. We evaluated the impact of the program on seven pre-specified domains using standardized indices: sexual violence, schooling, sexual and reproductive health (SRH), psychosocial wellbeing, gender attitudes, life skills, and protective factors.
Findings: Participation rates in the program were high in both GE and GE+, with the average participant attending 28 out of 32 sessions. At 24 months, the standardized effects of both GE and GE+, compared to control, on sexual violence, schooling, psychosocial wellbeing, and protective factors were small (ß, ? 0.11 standard deviations [SD]) and not statistically significant at the 95% level of confidence. However, we found positive standardized effects on Gender Attitudes (GE: ß, 0.206 SD, p<0.05; GE+: ß, 0.228 SD, p<0.05), Life Skills (GE: ß, 0.224 SD, p<0.05; GE+: ß, 0.289 SD, p<0.01), and SRH (GE: ß, 0.244 SD, p<0.01; GE+: ß, 0.372 SD, p<0.01; Ftest for GE ¼ GE+: p ¼ 0.075).
Interpretation: Girl Empower led to sustained improvements in several important domains, including SRH, but did
not reduce sexual violence among the target population.
The study was pre-registered at: Guimond, Marie et al. 2019. "Girl Empower." AEA RCT Registry. March 20. https://doi.org/10.1257/rct.2717-5.0.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Adolescent girls - caregivers
Version 01: Edited, anonymized dataset for public distribution
The Liberia Girl Empower Impact Evaluation Survey covered the following topics:
- Administrative questions
- Demographics characteristic
- Gender role norms
- Child rearing
- Relationships with parents and other adults
- Social network and safe places
- Aspirational attitudes
- Mental health
- Financial literacy
- Gender relations
- Menstruation and FGM
- Knowledge of contraceptive methods
- Knowledge of HIV/AIDS sexually transmitted diseases
- Knowledge of condom effectiveness
- Sexual history
- Physical violence
- Stressful life events
Nimba County, Liberia
Producers and sponsors
The World Bank
International Rescue Committee
City University of New York
We conducted a parallel cluster-randomized controlled trial with three arms: control, GE, and GE+ (allocation ratio: 1:1:1). In order to reach the estimated required sample size, we used data from the 2008 census of the Liberia Institute of Statistics and Geo-Information Services to develop a list of 100 villages likely to have at least five eligible girls aged 13 or 14. 10,930 households were listed in these 100 villages between July and September 2015 and 16 villages were found to contain fewer than five eligible girls and removed from the study sample. In the remaining 84 villages, we surveyed 1,216 eligible girls and 1,132 caregivers.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
There were three questionnaires administered for this survey:
- GE Caregiver (baseline and endline questionnaires)
- GE Girl (baseline and endline questionnaires)
- GE Girl Violence (endline questionnaire)
DECRG, World Bank
The use of the datasets must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the identification of the Primary Investigator
- the full title of the survey and its acronym (when available), and the year(s) of implementation
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download (for datasets disseminated online).
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Development Economics Data Group
The World Bank
Documentation of the DDI
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01 (March 2021).