WASH KAP Survey in Rohingya Cox’s Bazar, November 2019
Demographic and Health Survey, Round 2 [hh/dhs-2]
UNHCR uses a comprehensive WASH monitoring framework to track the WASH services provided to refugees. The WASH monitoring system is also a mechanism for UNHCR to hold itself accountable to all persons of concern, governments and donors.
UNHCR (Cox's Bazar Field Office) conducted the second round of its WASH Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) survey from 24th November to 19th December 2019 in UNHCR's area of operation in Kutupalong and Teknaf. Five WASH partners implemented the survey: NGO Forum, BRAC, OXFAM, Solidarité International and ACF. Preparation began in early November, as UNHCR discussed methodologies with participating agencies.
Several meetings focused on issues such as, staffing for the data collection and financial issues such as 'per diem' allowances. Several partner enumerators and their team leaders had no previous experience in KAP surveys, therefore, training modules were developed and implemented by UNHCR WASH staff. The objective of the survey was to better plan and guide future UNHCR WASH interventions implemented through NGO partners.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
Water collection and storage
Drinking water hygiene
WASH NFI Distribution
Diarrhea prevalence, knowledge, and health seeking behavior
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Rohingya Refugee Response
All UNHCR managed camps in Kutupalong and Teknaf.
All households in UNHCR managed camps
Producers and sponsors
Action Against Hunger
NGO Forum for Public Health
The number of interviews required to be statistically rigorous has initially been calculated to be 1,316. This was calculated by estimating a 5% non-response rate to reach a 95% confidence level. Finally, the distribution of households to be interviewed reached the number of 1,649, giving a 35% assurance of reaching the target.
Weights were added ex post. Sample weights for the household data were computed dividing the population by the sample size
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
Each NGO partners collected data from households located in camps other than their own area of operation. This was done to avoid the possibility of bias due to familiarity and acquaintance with the households.
The questionnaire was reviewed with all NGO partners. In comparison to the 2018 survey, a written translation for each question, in Bangla, was added. Most questions were identical in both surveys; however, some were reformulated to become clearer and more precise. This made comparison with previous survey more challenging. The questionnaire had 9 sections, alphabetically ordered from A until I.
A. GENERAL INFORMATION AND DEMOGRAPHICSB. WATER COLLECTION AND STORAGE. DRINKING WATER HYGIENE
G. WASH NFI Distribution
H. DIARRHEA PREVALENCE, KNOWLEDGE, AND HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOR
I. MENSTRUAL HYGIENE
The dataset was edited and anonymised with recoding and local suppression.
UNHCR - IMO
Data Curation Team
Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Water, Sanitation & Hygiene (WASH) KAP Survey Round 2 (November 2019) UNHCR Managed Camps, Rohingya Refugee Response - Bangladesh- Anonymized for Public Use. Version 2.1. Dataset downloaded from https://microdata.unhcr.org on [date].
Archive where study is originally stored
United Nations Refugee Agency Microdata Library
Original Archive Study ID: UNHCR_BGD_2019_WASHKAP_v1
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1 (April 2021). This version is identical to UNHCR DDI ID: UNHCR_BGD_2019_WASHKAP_v1 except the following edits were made:
- Minor spelling, grammatical, and formatting corrections
- Specified the archive where study is originally stored