WASH KAP and Coverage Survey in Refugee Sites – Shire Region Adi-Harush Camp, 2017
Adi-Harush Refugee Camp is located in the North West of Tigray regional state of Ethiopia, at about 1170 km from the capital Addis Ababa.
The camp population is 9766 [UNHCR, July, 2017]. The camp hosts Eritrean refugees having different ethnic groups where the majorities are Tigrigna and Saho and some minorities of Tigre and Belian.
The main objective of this survey was to collect data and information on water, sanitation, and coverage in the Adi-Harush Refugee camp in 2017 and to have base line data for the 2018 interventions. The total sample size was 175 households.
The study revealed the gravity of the identified problems, which are latrine coverage, safe water management at home level, hand washing practice, and the risk of diarrhea disease.
Unit of Analysis
2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The survey includes the following topics:
Household main characteristics
Sources of drinking and non-drinking water
Information about water collection
Hygiene of drinking water
General hygiene practices
Hand-washing habits and knowledge
Defecation habits and latrine types
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Adi-Harush camp, Shire
Producers and sponsors
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
The survey was conducted by systematic random sampling method in which all of the households in the refugee camp have same chance to be selected. Since the camp is divided into five zones, the sample sizes to be collected per zone was determined using the sample proportional to the population size. The sampling interval of a zone was determined using total household of the zone divided by the number of samples to be collected from that zone.
Sample weights for the household data were computed dividing, for each zone, the population by the sample size.
The survey questionnaire used to collect the data consists of the following sections: general information and demographics, water collection and storage, drinking water hygiene, hygiene, sanitation, messaging, distribution, diarrhoea prevalence and health seeking behaviour.
Dates of Data Collection
International Rescue Committee
Data Collection Notes
There were three group personnel in the survey: interviewers who had direct contact with interviewee, supervisors who supported and monitored interviewers, and a sanitation officer for over all follow up. A total of 9 persons took part in the survey: 7 interviewers, 1 supervisor and 1 IRC national staff (sanitation officer). Participants of the survey were selected from local community components with knowledge of the local language in order to minimize respondent and interviewer bias and avoid inaccurate posing of questions and recording of responses. One supervisor was assigned to check proper data collection and no household was jumped without reason.
Data was anonymized through decoding and local suppression.