Pesquisa Sobre Ética e Corrupção no Serviço Público 2021, A Perspectiva dos Servidores
A Perspectiva dos Servidores
Ethics and Corruption in the Federal Public Service : Civil Servants' Perspectives
Administrative Records, Other (ad/oth]
An online survey on corruption conducted by the World Bank in Brazil to assess the perspective of civil servants in the federal government.
This Survey on Ethics and Corruption in the Federal Public Service was held online from April 28 to May 28, 2021, in partnership with the Office of the Federal Comptroller General (CGU), the Ministry of the Economy, and the National School of Public Administration (ENAP). All civil servants were represented in the sample, totaling 22,130 respondents. The sample covered all federative units and ministries. Most civil servants report having witnessed some sort of unethical practice during their time in the public sector. Of all respondents, 58.7 percent stated that they witnessed some unethical practice during their career in public service. The most frequent practices were using one's position to help friends or family and bending the rules under pressure from one’s superiors. Over the past three years, around one third of all civil servants (33.4 percent) witnessed some unethical practice, according to their reports. Corruption in the public service is multifaceted, thus requiring granular information about its nature, prevalence, and vulnerable actors. In view of its scope, thematic scope, and representativeness, the data generated by the study could become a valuable source for the development of knowledge about corruption in the federal public service. We hope that this Survey on Ethics and Corruption in the Federal Public Service becomes a tool to complement current and future efforts to fight corruption.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
V01: Edited, anonymous dataset for public distribution.
All states in Brazil.
The survey included all active civil servants servants in the Brazilian federal government from April through May 2021. This study did not include military personnel or retired civil servants. The survey also excluded those respondents who, when answering the question "What is your link with the public administration", replied “I'm not a public agent” and “I'd rather not answer”, as long as they had less than five years of service.
Producers and sponsors
Daniel Ortega Nieto
Joana Isabel Sousa Lourenço
Maria Elisa Diniz
The survey was conducted in a census approach, and all federal civil servants were included in our sampling frame.
Deviations from the Sample Design
There were no deviations from the sample design.
Pooled response rate was 3.5%, but the response rate varied across geographic units and ministries.
We chose to adopt a practice used by the U.S. Census Bureau, that is, estimating stratified weights. Using December 2019 data from personnel data, different stratifications were developed, based on 3 variables: (1) ministry, (2) age group, and (3) gender. Ministries that participated in the survey but were not present in the personnel data were not assigned a weight. It is worth noting that each stratification's weight is the inverse of the fraction, effectively increasing the weight for each respondent.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
The data collection effort was supervised by a World Bank team led by Public Sector Specialist Daniel Ortega Nieto.
Data Collection Notes
Survey was administered in Survey CTO, disseminated through the Brazilian National School of Administration (ENAP) to all federal level civil servants in Brazil.
The questionnaire was administered in Portuguese and is provided as an external resource.
Data was processed primarily for confidentiality. Details on the data processing are outlined in the supporting documents.
Weights were incorporated to the data using administrative data on personnel. This was done to ensure that non-response rates did not induce bias into our estimates.
Estimates of Sampling Error
Due to high non-response, it was possible that our estimates were not representative of the population of federal civil servants in Brazil and therefore induced sampling error. To address this concern, we generated weights that adjusted our sample to that observed in the census of personnel data.
Daniel Ortega Nieto
The data is made available to the public and is not subject to confidentiality agreement.
Public Use File
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
World Bank. Pesquisa Sobre Ética e Corrupção no Serviço Público (PSECSP) 2021. Ref:BRA_2021_PSECSP_v01_M. Data downloaded from [uri] on [date]
Any derived products from the data should cite the data and the survey report. The survey report shall be cited as follows:
Ética e Corrupção no Serviço Público Federal : A Perspectiva dos Servidores (Portuguese). Washington, D.C. : World Bank Group. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/129401636585714972/Ética-e-Corrupção-no-Serviço-Público-Federal-A-Perspectiva-dos-Servidores
Disclaimer and copyrights
This event and materials are a product of the staff of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/the World Bank and external participants to the survey.
The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this survey do not necessarily reflect the views of the World Bank, the Executive Directors of the World Bank or the governments they represent. The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work.
This material should not be reproduced or distributed without the World Bank's prior consent.