Post-Distribution Monitoring of Cash-Based Intervention, May 2021
Other Household Survey [hh/oth]
THE CBI PDM Household Survey was conducted in Sri Lanka from March, to April, 2021. UNHCR uses Post-Distribution Monitoring (PDM) as a mechanism to collect refugees' feedback on the quality, sufficiency, utilization and effectiveness of the assistance items they receive. The underlying principle behind the process is linked to accountability, as well as a commitment to improve the quality and relevance of support provided, and related services. UNHCR increasingly uses Cash-Based Interventions (CBIs) as a preferred modality for delivering assistance, offering greater dignity and choice to forcibly displaced and stateless persons in line with UNHCR's core protection mandate. In order to ensure that the cash assistance provided meets the intended programme objectives and that desired outcomes are achieved, UNHCR conducts regular post-distribution and outcome monitoring with a sample or all of refugee recipients.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Version 2.1: Edited, anonymous dataset for licensed distribution.
The household survey covers the following sections:
1. Household demographics
2. Receiving and spending the cash assistance (basic facts)
3. Risks and problems: Did people face problems with the CBI? Did the CBI put POCs at additional risk?
4. Markets and prices: Can POCs find what they need, and at a price they can afford, in the markets?
5. Expenditure: What did people spend the money on?
6. Outcomes: What changes is the cash assistance contributing to in POC households?
7. Longer-Term Outcomes: Has the cash assistance helped put POC on the pathway to sustainable solutions?
8. Accountability to Affected Persons: Is the CBI intervention accountable to persons of concern? (What preferences do people have over how assistance is delivered?)
POC = Persons of Concern to UNHCR
Livelihood & Social cohesion
Domestic Needs/Household Support
The survey covers Refugee Centers located in Colombo and Negombo.
The sample universe includes all urban refugees in Sri Lanka registered to receive cash assistance.
Producers and sponsors
UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR)
The survey's objective was to deliver representative data of all urban refugee households in Sri Lanka that were beneficiaries of UNHCR's Cash-Based Interventions. A random simple sample of 180 urban refugee households was drawn from all urban refugees registered to receive cash assistance (sample frame).
Sample weights were calculated for each household as the total number of beneficiaries divided by the total sample size.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The survey was initially planned to be conducted as a Face-to-Face survey in October 2020. But due to the increase in cases of Covid-19 particularly in the districts where the survey was planned, UNHCR decided to conduct the surveys at set locations in the cities where most of the refugees reside in the Spring 2021.
Due to a surge in the number of Covid-19 cases during data collection, UNHCR had to change the data collection mode from Face-to-Face (118 interviews) to phone interviews (57 interviews) during the last weeks of the data collection (26th April to 6th May 2021).
During the last stage of the data collection, UNHCR invited participants over the phone two days prior to the interview and community mobilizer reached out again one day before the scheduled interview to confirm participation.
UN Refugee Agency
The questionnaire is a standardized UNHCR questionnaire for Post-Distribution Monitoring of Cash-Based Interventions and some questions were adjusted accordingly to the Sri Lankan context. UNHCR trained all enumerators and the questionnaire was piloted.
UNHCR (2021). Sri Lanka: Post-Distribution Monitoring of Cash-Based Intervention, May 2021. Accessed from: https://microdata.unhcr.org.
DDI Document ID
UN Refugee Agency
Documentation of the study
Development Economics Data Group
Metadata adapted for Microdata Library
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01: This metadata was downloaded from the UNHCR Microdata Library catalog (https://microdata.unhcr.org/index.php). The following two metadata fields were edited - Document and Survey ID.