1 An employee (under labor agreement or contract)
 2 A member of a producers' cooperative
 3 Running your own enterprise (farm) or business with permanent use of employees' labor
 4 Working on your own-account running a farm or business without hiring employees
 5 An unpaid family worker (working without payment in a shop, farm or enterprise owned by a relative)
Employee (under labor agreement or contract)
Member of producers' cooperative
Run own enterprise (farm) or business with permanent use of employees' labor
Own-account worker running farm or business without attracting employees
Unpaid family worker (worked without payment in the shop, farm or enterprise owned by a relative)
NIU (not in universe)
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
Question 14. What was your employment status (who were you at your main activity):
"Employee (under labor agreement or contract)" is to be recorded for persons working under a written labor contract or verbal agreement concluded with the administration of an enterprise, organization, institution of any ownership or with a private employer and receiving a guaranteed payment in cash or in kind (wage or salary, commission charge, interest on marketing products, etc.) independent of the income of the enterprise for which they work.
The same response is to be marked for:
- those elected, appointed or approved for a post;
- salaried managers, directors and other similar persons;
- apprentices receiving wages;
- paid family workers working in the family business who enjoy the same rights and receive the same payment as other workers engaged in the same duties;
- ministries of religion and persons engaged in the field of religious faiths;
- members of the armed forces.
Persons working for individuals under civil law contracts (orders) for a definite payment, both individually or engaging employees, should not be related to the "employees" (e.g., construction of houses or repair of flats for individual customers, furnace lining, servicing parties, etc.). In these cases, if a person permanently used the labor of one or more employees, code 3 should be marked, but if he/she worked on his/her own account or engaged employees for a short period, code 4 should be marked.
"Member of producers' cooperative" is to be marked for persons working at own enterprises organized in the form of cooperative where each member has equal rights in deciding the matters of work organization, sales of products, and other activity of the enterprise, as well as those concerning investments and income distribution among its members.
"Run own enterprise (farm) or business with permanent use of employees' labor" is to be marked for persons who worked at own enterprise or farm or were engaged in independent professional or commercial activity and permanently used the labor of one or more employees.
"Own-account worker running farm or business without attracting employees" is to be marked for persons who worked at own enterprise or farm or were engaged in independent professional or commercial activity and did not engage employees or engaged those for a very short period.
This category will also include individuals engaged in gainful activity, whether having or not any patent (or license) permitting this kind of activity, as well as persons of so called "liberal professions", for instance, artists, authors, composers, psychics, etc, who are not on the permanent staff of any enterprise, institution or organization; persons engaged in production of products in their personal subsidiary plots with the purpose of further sale thereof or those engaged in sale of those products, even if they did not actually work in their personal subsidiary plots and spent time exclusively for repair of equipment or for ancillary works.
"Unpaid family worker (worked without payment in the shop, farm or enterprise owned by a relative)" is to be marked for persons working without payment in a peasant (farming) holding, production cooperative, private (individual or family) enterprise owned by a relative. Works performed in country houses or kitchen gardens are not to be included because those do not relate to family enterprises.
This variable indicates status in employment for the given job.