The World Bank has provided support to countries to help mitigate the spread and impact of COVID-19. A key area of support is data collection to inform evidence-based policies to help mitigate the effects of this disease. In the Philippines, 3 rounds of phone surveys have been implemented to monitor the socio-economic impacts of the pandemic. Succeeding rounds are planned to further document these impacts as well as recovery. These will be included in future version updates of this series.
The Philippines COVID-19 Households Survey represents an important part of the World Bank’s real time monitoring of COVID-19 impacts along with firm and community surveys. It aims to assess the impact of the pandemic on households’ food security and welfare, their coping strategies, education, socio-emotional state, and public policy responses. A survey firm carried out phone surveys (based on a sample frame that the firm has maintained) and self-administered web surveys facilitated by Telecommunication Firms’ (Telcos) text blasts and social media advertisement campaigns distributing the web link to the survey questions. The survey instrument and procedures have been designed in accordance with the best practices laid out by the World Bank’s COVID-19 methodology and measurement task force. The average length of the survey was 30-40 minutes and were rolled out during key periods at the course of the pandemic.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Version 1 - anonymized datasets of household survey rounds 1-3 cleared for public distribution.
The Philippines COVID-19 Households Survey 2020-2021 covered the following themes:
Household: interview information, housing characteristics, government action, awareness and behavior on COVID-19, access (transportation, food, health services, education, finances), income sources, coping mechanisms and safety nets
Individual: interview information, demographics (respondent and household head), employment (respondent and household head)
Producers and sponsors
Philippine Survey and Research Center
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Government of Australia
National Economic and Development Authority of the Government of the Philippines
Department of Finance of the Government of the Philippines
The mixed method combining both phone and web-based surveys was employed to ensure coverage of individuals from different socio-economic backgrounds. In the self-administered online survey (CAWI), respondents received notifications through text blast and social media ads. The text blast was coordinated by the National Economic Development Authority through the National Telecommunications Commission. In the other hand, the phone survey (CATI) specifically targeted to lower income households from an existing list of the partner survey firm with a target sample of 3,000 respondents.
Deviations from the Sample Design
In rounds 2 and 3, the survey was limited to phone interviews (CATI) from the panel of 5,049 respondents in round 1. Target number of respondents was 3,000.
The team decided to simplify the methodology in the succeeding rounds due to resource constraints.
Following were the final sample for each round:
Round 1 - 9,448
Round 2 - 1,805
Round 3 - 2,122
The sample was weighted using the Survey of Wellbeing via Instant and Frequent Tracking (SWIFT) tool to place each household in the income distribution to match the 2018 Family Income and Expenditure.
Full documentation of the weighting procedure is included in the external resources.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Computer Assisted Telephone Interview [cati]
Data Collection Notes
1. First round is a combination of CATI and web-based (CAWI) survey
2. Succeeding rounds were all done in CATI.
Philippine Survey and Research Center
The questionnaire had core modules that were collected in each round and additional modules on focus topics. Following are the topics covered:
1) Demographics and housing characteristics (round 1)
2) Knowledge of COVID-19: awareness and behavior (round 1)
3) Government action (rounds 1, 2)
4) Access to transportation (rounds 1, 2)
5) Access to food (rounds 1, 2)
6) Access to health services (rounds 1, 2)
7) Access to education (rounds 1)
8) Access to finances (rounds 1)
9) Employment and income sources (rounds 1)
10) Coping mechanisms and safety nets (rounds 1)
Initial data cleaning was done by the survey firm in close coordination with the World Bank team. Consistency checks and formatting was done further by the World Bank team during the analysis of the data.
Sharon Faye Alariao Piza
Nadia Belhaj Hassine Belghith
Public use files
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including country, acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
World Bank. Philippines COVID-19 Households Survey (HFPS) 2020-2021. Ref: PHL_2020-2021_HFPS_v01_M. Downloaded from [URL] on [Date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.