Owner: When the person pays employees or workers out of his own funds.
Own-Account worker: When the person works for himself/herself without employees or workers.
Family helper: When he/she helps the head of family or a relative [with] payment.
Professional/white collar worker: When the work involves office work, control, or security.
Manual laborer/blue collar worker: When the work is manual.
Professional/white collar worker
Manual laborer/blue collar worker
NIU (not in universe)
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
Column No. 21. - In this column the occupation category that a person has in the establishment or place where they work or when they worked if they are unemployed will be indicated. The corresponding questions to each category are given below:
Employer or owner: Do you pay your own account or one or more workers or employees in your business? If the question is affirmative the word "employer" should be written down.
Examples of employers are: An owner of a factory, farm or store or any other company of business, who occupies and pays by their own account workers and employees. In the registering of this column, managers, administrators, butlers, subordinate office heads are not taken into account, since these persons depend on others and therefore are not employers but rather employees.
Independent worker: Do you work for you own account without paying workers or employees in your business?
An Independent Worker can work alone or with the free aid of relatives, but not with remunerated persons. In these conditions the word "Independent Worker" will be written down.
Examples of Independent Workers are, a craftsperson who has their own workshop, a farmer who works a parcel of land, a salesclerk who attends their store, a mason who does small jobs by contract, an owner of a truck or automobile who drives it and takes for themselves the product of the work, a shoeshine person, a newspaper seller, always persons who do not work with remunerated workers.
It can be observed that the difference between an independent worker and an employer, is that the employer has remunerated workers and the independent worker has none.
Family helpers: Do you help without fixed remuneration, in the job of the Head of family or any relative? A person from the family (spouse, children, relatives) who with their job helps the Head of family or relative in their business for a time equivalent to two days a week, or 10 days a month to four months a year, without receiving fixed remuneration, should be written down in this column with the name "Family Helper".
Example of family helpers can be the following persons always who meet the following pointed out conditions: A child or relative who works in the farm of their father; a wife who works in the store of her husband, a child who helps their mother in a dressmaker's studio, etc.
One should keep in mind when registering this column that a family helper meets the following conditions:
a) Being relative of the Head of family or person who collaborates with him.
b) Working without fixed remuneration (food should not be considered remuneration).
c) Working with the Head or parent for more than two days a week, or 10 days a month to four months a year.
Employee: Are you an employee? An employee is considered a person who carries out, under the dependence of another, administrative functions, direction, organization, or vigilance in exchange for remuneration. Examples: a manager of a bank, an administrator of a company, workers in an office of institutional officials or of private companies.
Exceptions: In this column chauffeurs of companies and persons of domestic service (servants) will be indicated, such as the Law stipulates.
Laborer: A laborer is considered to be a worker who is employed with a predominately manual activity, connected directly to a production of goods and services, always depending on an employer and receives a periodic remuneration. Laborers are workers of the production in factories or workshops, those employed in manual jobs in public works and agricultural day laborers. They are also those who work in a house for a determined employer, whether for a fixed daily wage or by the job, as in the very frequent case of laborers in a tailor's shop, shoe store, and couturier shop, who does work in their house and who earns according to what was done.