An Enterprise Survey is a firm-level survey of a representative sample of an economy's private sector. Firm-level surveys have been conducted since 1998 by different units within the World Bank. Since 2005-06, most data collection efforts have been centralized within the Enterprise Analysis Unit. The Enterprise Surveys are conducted across all geographic regions and cover small, medium, and large companies. Data are used to create indicators that benchmark the quality of the business and investment climate across countries.
The Enterprise Survey database is intended to be useful for both policymakers and researchers. The surveys are to be repeated over time to track changes and benchmark the effects of reforms on firm performance.
An earlier firm-level survey of Ethiopia was conducted in 2002/03 through a collaborative effort of the World Bank, EDRI, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ethiopian Export Promotion Agency, CSA, Ethiopian Chamber of Commerce, Ethiopian Private Industries Association, Ethiopian Investment Authority, Addis Ababa Women Entrepreneurs’ Association, and UNIDO. Similar surveys have also been carried out in other developing countries. It is believed that a number of reform attempts have been done to encourage the performance of the private sector since the last survey. These include, tax reforms, streamlining business registration processes, investment in the power sector, etc. The current survey in Ethiopia is a follow-up data collection to further look at the effects of past policy reforms on the business climate indicators that affect business performance and growth; identify the current microeconomic impediments and discuss policy options with the government in order to improve the investment climate in Ethiopia.
The sample for Enterprise Surveys is consistently defined in all countries and includes the entire manufacturing sector, the services sector, and the transportation and construction sectors. Public utilities, government services, health care, and financial services sectors are not included in the sample. Enterprise Surveys collect a wide array of qualitative and quantitative information through face-to-face interviews with firm managers and owners regarding the business environment in their countries and the productivity of their firms. The topics covered in Enterprise Surveys include the obstacles to doing business, infrastructure, finance, labor, corruption and regulation, law and order, innovation and technology, trade, and firm productivity.
The Ethiopia Enterprise Survey was conducted between February and October 2006. Data from 484 establishments were analyzed.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Producers and sponsors
The sample for countries participating in the Enterprise Surveys is stratified by industry, firm size, and geographic region.
For stratification by industry, the main manufacturing sectors in each country in terms of value added, number of firms, and contribution to employment are selected. The retail trade sector is also included in all countries as a representative of the services sector, and depending on the size of the economy, the information technology (IT) sector is included. The rest of the universe comprises a residual stratum. In Ethiopia, Manufacturing sector included 359 firms, Services sector - 119 companies and Other sectors (Residual) - 6 businesses.
Size stratification is defined the following way: small establishments (5 to 19 employees), medium establishments (20 to 99 employees), and large establishments (more than 99 employees).
Regional stratification includes the main economic areas in each country. Addis Ababa, Gondar, Adwa, Awasa, Bahir Dar, Bishoftu, Dire Dawa, Shashemen, Mekele, Adigrat, Nazareth, Harar, Modjo, Wonji and Dilla were surveyed in Ethiopia.
Through this methodology estimates for the different stratification levels can be calculated on a separate basis while at the same time inferences can be made for the economy as a whole, weighting individual observations by corresponding sample weights. Sample sizes for each stratification level are defined ensuring a minimum precision level of 7.5% with 95% confidence intervals for estimates with population proportions.
For more technical details on the sampling strategy, please review "Sampling Methodology" in "Technical Documents" folder.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The Enterprise Surveys are usually implemented following a two-stage procedure. In the first stage, a screener questionnaire is applied over the phone to determine eligibility and to make appointments; in the second stage, a face-to-face interview takes place with the Manager/Owner/Director of each establishment. Sometimes the survey respondent calls company accountants and human resource managers into the interview to answer questions in the sales and labor sections of the survey.
All Enterprise Surveys are conducted in the local languages.
The current survey instruments are available:
- Ethiopia: Investment Climate Survey II. Questionnaire for Manufacturing Sector Establishments;
- Ethiopia: Investment Climate Survey II. Questionnaire for Retail/Services Sector Establishments.
Data entry and quality controls are implemented by the contractor and data is delivered to the World Bank in batches (typically 10%, 50% and 100%). These data deliveries are checked for logical consistency, out of range values, skip patterns, and duplicate entries. Problems are flagged by the World Bank and corrected by the implementing contractor through data checks, callbacks, and revisiting establishments.
Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised.
Aggregate indicators based on Enterprise Survey data are available to the public at https://www.enterprisesurveys.org
Firm-level data is also available to the public free-of-charge. In order to access the data, users must agree to abide by a strict confidentiality agreement available through Enterprise Analysis Unit website by clicking on "External users register here" at https://www.enterprisesurveys.org/Portal
Where necessary please site the source as "Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group http://www.enterprisesurveys.org"
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
DDI Document version