P13 Disability Does (name) have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking or learning, which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or more? (If No write 10 and skip to P16, if Yes write codes for at most 2 mayor difficulties) ___ ___
Physical: limited use of legs
Physical: loss of legs
Physical: limited use of arms
Physical: loss of arms
Physical: serious problem with back spine
Hearing: hearing difficulty
Hearing: unable to hear (deafness)
Sight: sight difficulty
Speech: speech impairment
Speech: unable to speak (mute)
Mental illness (strange behaviour)
No second disability
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
[Question P1 - P15 apply to all persons]
115. A person with a disability is defined as one who is limited in the kind of or amount of activities that he or she can do, because of ongoing difficulty (-ies) due to a long-term physical condition or health problem that has lasted six months or more. This includes all those difficulties that are expected to last more than six months.
116. Note that a person can have a fractured arm or leg due to a road accident and is expected to heal within three months. For purposes of the census, you should not record this person to have a difficulty since the difficulty is expected to last for a shorter period.
117. There are some clear cases of disability such as having lost a leg, or being crippled by polio that one cannot walk normally, or being mad. However, there are also many cases where it is not so clear. In such cases, common sense must be your guide. If the respondent indicates that the condition is not so serious as to prevent a person from living a full life, it should not be counted as a disability.
118. If a person has lost an arm, he or she is disabled. A person who has lost the tip of a finger in an accident should not be considered as disabled. In the same way a person whose sight is impaired but can live and work normally by wearing glasses while doing so is not disabled for purposes of the census.
Question P13: Disability
Ask, "Does (name) have any difficulty in moving, seeing, hearing, speaking difficulty, mental or learning difficulty, which has lasted or is expected to last 6 months or more?"
119. If the respondent declares anyone in the Household as disabled, use the codes in the questionnaire and describe the nature of the disability as best as you can. Some persons with disabilities have more than one type of disability. In this case you are required to take the two major forms of disability and assign the appropriate codes in the space provided. Note that the column for each person takes care of two types of disabilities.
120. It is quite common for persons in the Household to hide information about disabilities of their kin, especially the children. Ensure that you attempt to see and probe to obtain the truth.
121. Examples of such categories of persons include, those who have
Seeing difficulties: an individual could have a sight problem if he/she cannot see clearly objects that are close to him/her or is unable to figure out objects, which are at a distance. Note that if one wears glasses and ceases to have a problem with sight, then he/ she does not qualify to be recorded as having any seeing difficulties. A separate code for "Blindness" is provided for persons who cannot see at all. If a person has lost one eye, this does not automatically imply that he has a sight problem. Ask the respondent to find out if he/she has a sight difficulty and assign the appropriate code.
Hearing difficulties: This includes those who have difficulty in hearing i.e. not following a conversation in a normal voice even with use of a hearing aid. In case an individual has a hearing aid and is able to follow a conversation in a normal voice, then she/he does not have a hearing difficulty. A separate code for unable to hear (deaf) is included for those who cannot hear at all.
Speech impairment: Includes persons with problems of speech, even though they are able to hear. Those who are not able to speak at all are categorized as "Mute"
Mental Illness (Strange Behavior): This is characterized by strange behaviors and the most common description is mad.
Learning difficulty/Mental Retardation: This includes persons with learning difficulties in or out of school and persons mentally less developed than their age mates. They can be adults or children.
Epilepsy: This is a condition where a person has episodes of loss or change of consciousness that may last from a few seconds to over an hour. The loss of consciousness is sometimes accompanied by movement of body parts. The loss of consciousness is also called fit. Epilepsy fits are NOT accompanied by fever.
Rheumatism: This is of when the joints of a body are swollen, hot and painful. It is often accompanied by limited movement of the joint.
This variable indicates the person's second major disability, if any.