The survey was conducted in the West Bank and Gaza between July and August 2006. Data from 401 establishments were analyzed.
Researchers collected data on the investment climate and enterprise performance at the establishment level. The study was a standard World Bank product, which allowed direct comparison with other countries in the region and around the world. But it also contained questions specific to the West Bank and Gaza experience. The Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) conducted the survey in face-to-face interviews after training by World Bank staff.
This survey was aimed at understanding the issues related to formal enterprises in manufacturing/services/construction and transport sectors that have the potential for growth and exports. Most of the data and answers relate to fiscal year 2005, before the tight closure of Gaza in January of 2006 and the cut off of foreign aid to the Palestinian Authority, which began in March 2006. Since then the economy deteriorated. However, the survey still captured the essential nature and issues of the Palestinian private sector.
Kind of data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Producers and sponsors
The sample consisted of 401 formal sector enterprises. 52% of establishments were from the West Bank, 43% from Gaza, and 5% of businesses from East Jerusalem.
The sample frame was from the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics data base and consisted of enterprises in the manufacturing sector, construction, transport, and selected service sectors with more than five employees. Retail establishments, restaurants and informal firms were not covered. Agriculture also was not surveyed. 81% of companies were from manufacturing sector, 12% - from services sector, and 7% comprised construction and transport sector. Within the selected sectors, individual sectors were drawn in proportion to their representation in the frame.
Most Palestinian enterprises have less than five workers. Consequently, this survey cannot be considered representative of the Palestinian economy as a whole. However, no detailed survey can effectively cover every sector. This survey was aimed at understanding the issues related to formal enterprises in productive sectors that have the potential for growth and exports. While agriculture, retail and informal enterprises are all important sectors of the economy, the survey instrument was not suitable for them. Thus, the survey results should be carefully interpreted. They provide comprehensive information but are representative only of the sectors covered.
Dates of collection
Mode of data collection
The current survey instrument is available:
Palestine Enterprise Survey, Manufacturing Module.
The survey topics include firm characteristics, access to finance, sales and supplies, workforce composition, bribery, licensing, infrastructure, trade, crime, competition, capacity utilization, business-government relations, business services, legal environment, innovation, and productivity measures. The questionnaire also assesses respondents' opinions on what are constrains to establishment growth and reforms implementation.
Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised.
Firm-level data is available to the public free-of-charge. In order to access the data, users must agree to abide by a strict confidentiality agreement available through Enterprise Analysis Unit website by clicking on "External users register here" at https://www.enterprisesurveys.org/Portal
Where necessary please site the source as "Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group https://www.enterprisesurveys.org"
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.