Kenya Investment Climate Survey was carried out in 2002-2003 by the World Bank's Regional Program on Enterprise Development (RPED) in collaboration with Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA). The survey covered 284 formal manufacturing firms.
The questionnaire contained a range of questions on such issues as the production process, cost of inputs, access to finance, types and cost of labor used, and costs incurred in preventing or treating HIV/AIDS.
The Investment Climate Surveys (ICS) were conducted by the World Bank and its partners across all geographic regions and covered firms of all sizes in many industries. The ICS collected a wide array of qualitative and quantitative information through face-to-face interviews with managers and owners regarding the investment climate in their country and the productivity of their firms. Topics covered in the ICS included the obstacles to doing business, infrastructure, finance, labor, corruption and regulation, contract enforcement, law and order, innovation and technology, and firm productivity. Taken together, the qualitative and quantitative data helped connect a country’s investment climate characteristics with firm productivity and performance.
Firm-level surveys have been administered since 1998 by different units within the World Bank. Since 2005-06, most data collection efforts have been centralized within the Enterprise Analysis Unit (FPDEA). Enterprise Surveys, a replacement for Investment Climate Surveys, are now conducted by the Enterprise Analysis Unit.
Kind of data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Producers and sponsors
Kenya Institute of Public Policy Research and Analysis
The sample was drawn from a census conducted by the Kenya Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) of nearly 2000 formal manufacturing firms employing more than 250000 full-time employees. In order to ensure representation of all types of firms, the sample was stratified across location, sub-sectors, and size in 148 clusters.
The survey covered seven sub-sectors in five urban areas: Nairobi, Mombasa, Eldoret, Kisumu and Nakuru.
Nine manufacturing sub-sectors were: Agroindustry, Chemicals/Paints, Construction Materials, Furniture, Metals, Paper/Publishing/Printing, Plastics, Textile/Leather, and Wood. Four size classes were used: Small (11-49 employees), Medium (50-99 employees), Large (100-499 employees), and Very Large (500 and more employees).
368 firms were selected randomly from the clusters, representing roughly 20 percent of all formal firms. Several firms, often non-African and foreign ones, refused to be interviewed. Whenever possible, these firms were replaced with "new" firms having the same characteristics as the ones that refused. Due to the high rate of
refusal, however, the replacement strategy was only partly successful and, in the end, 284 firms completed a survey.
Dates of collection
Mode of data collection
The current survey instrument is available:
- Investment Climate Survey Questionnaire.
Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised.
Firm-level data is available to the public free-of-charge. In order to access the data, users must agree to abide by a strict confidentiality agreement available through Enterprise Analysis Unit website by clicking on "External users register here" at https://www.enterprisesurveys.org/Portal
Where necessary please site the source as "Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group https://www.enterprisesurveys.org"
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.