The Investment Climate Surveys (ICS) were conducted by the World Bank and its partners across all geographic regions and covered firms of all sizes in many industries. The ICS collected a wide array of qualitative and quantitative information through face-to-face interviews with managers and owners regarding the investment climate in their country and the productivity of their firms.
Firm-level surveys have been conducted since 1998 by different units within the World Bank. Since 2005-06, most data collection efforts have been centralized within the Enterprise Analysis Unit (FPDEA). Enterprise Surveys, a replacement for Investment Climate Surveys, are now conducted by the Enterprise Analysis Unit.
The Lao PDR Investment Climate Survey (ICS) was undertaken jointly by the Government of the Lao PDR, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), and the World Bank between April and September 2005. 303 firms were surveyed. Of these, 246 were manufacturing firms, and 57 firms were from the tourism sector.
Through face-to-face interviews with managers and owners, the ICS gathered qualitative and quantitative information regarding the investment climate and the performance of firms in sampled provinces and industries. Topics included infrastructure, finance, labor, regulatory burden and administrative delays, governance, innovation and technology, and firm productivity. Taken together, the qualitative and quantitative data helped connect the characteristics of the investment climate in the Lao PDR with the firms’ performance. The data and results from the ICS were intended to help develop policy reforms that would further promote growth and productivity of firms in the Lao PDR.
The dataset described in this study includes only manufacturing firms. The manufacturing part of the survey was carried out in six provinces: Vientiane, Oudomxay, Luangprabang, Xayaboury, Savannakhet, and Champassak. It covered five industries: wood processing, construction materials, garments, textiles/handicraft, and food and beverage.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Producers and sponsors
Asian Development Bank
Government of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Asian Development Bank
The manufacturing part of the survey was carried out in six provinces: Vientiane, Oudomxay, Luangprabang, Xayaboury, Savannakhet, and Champassak. It covered five industries: wood processing (35%), construction materials (27%), garments, textiles/handicraft (25%), and food and beverage (14%). Forty-seven percent of surveyed firms were small (less than 20 workers), 31% were medium (20-99 workers), and 22% were large (more than 99 workers).
While 11% of the surveyed firms were previously owned by the Government, now only 2% can be considered government firms, based on ownership shares. Forty seven firms have at least 10% foreign equity, roughly half of them in the garment sector. The remaining firms are equally distributed across sectors. The firms are relatively young, averaging 9 years in existence. Eighty-three firms (34%) are from the export sectors, mainly comprising of wood processing and garments.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Indochina Research (Laos) Ltd
The current survey instrument is available:
- Investment Climate Survey Questionnaire.
Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised.
Firm-level data is available to the public free-of-charge. In order to access the data, users must agree to abide by a strict confidentiality agreement available through Enterprise Analysis Unit website by clicking on "External users register here" at https://www.enterprisesurveys.org/Portal
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigator
- the title of the survey (including acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group. Lao Investment Climate Survey 2006. Dataset downloaded from https://www.enterprisesurveys.org on [date].
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.