The Investment Climate Surveys (ICS) were conducted by the World Bank and its partners across all geographic regions and covered firms of all sizes in many industries. The ICS collected a wide array of qualitative and quantitative information through face-to-face interviews with managers and owners regarding the investment climate in their country and the productivity of their firms. Topics covered in the ICS included the obstacles to doing business, infrastructure, finance, labor, corruption and regulation, contract enforcement, law and order, innovation and technology, and firm productivity. Taken together, the qualitative and quantitative data helped connect a country’s investment climate characteristics with firm productivity and performance.
Firm-level surveys have been administered since 1998 by different units within the World Bank. Since 2005-06, most data collection efforts have been centralized within the Enterprise Analysis Unit (FPDEA). Enterprise Surveys, a replacement for Investment Climate Surveys, are now conducted by the Enterprise Analysis Unit.
Sri Lanka Investment Climate Survey 2004 covered urban as well as rural establishments. The dataset in this file describes urban manufacturing firms. Data from 452 formal establishments in textiles, garments, food and beverages, rubber products, and industrial equipment industries was analyzed.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Producers and sponsors
Asian Development Bank
Ministry of Enterprise Development, Industrial Policy & Investment Promotion
Department of Census and Statistics
Asian Development Bank
Sri Lanka has nine provinces which are further subdivided into 25 districts. Of these 25 districts, some areas are considered urban, which are either administered by municipality center/urban center (MC/UC - 16 MCs and 30 UCs). The rural areas are administered by district secretary local government.
The urban manufacturing part of Sri Lanka ICS 2004 covered the following sectors: Food and Beverage (ISIC 311, 312, 313), Textile (321), Garments (322), Industrial Equipment (382), and Rubber Products (355).
The sampling frame was comprised of the following sources:
1) List of manufacturing establishments for the Western Province (3 districts) developed in cooperation with United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). A draft list was consolidated from the registers of the Board of Investment, Ministry of Industries, Ministry of Textile and MEIPIP and was further improved by ground checks. DCS is confident that they have captured all the establishments with five or more employees in the Western Province.
2) List of manufacturing establishments with 25 or more employees that were used as the sampling frame for the Annual Survey of Manufacturing Industries. This list originated from the 1983 Census of Establishments. The 1993 Census of Establishments Establishments was not conducted because of the political situation in the country and was updated annually from the registers mentioned above.
3) List of manufacturing establishments with less than 25 employees that were sampled for the Annual Survey of Industries.
Establishments that had 500 or more employees were selected with certainty, while others were selected by using the stratified simple random sample design. In general, the strata were defined by the sector "X" provincial groups. In cases where the stratum sizes in specific sectors were very sparse, sectors were collapsed. Hence, the final stratification was determined by iteratively collapsing small strata until a sufficient strata size was obtained to ensure a 100% replacement in all strata and adequate strata sample sizes.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
The current survey instrument is available:
- Investment Climate Survey Questionnaire.
The survey includes questions on firm productivity, cost of doing business, regulatory environment, labor market, financial sector, trade regime, technology and levels of investment.
Confidentiality of the survey respondents and the sensitive information they provide is necessary to ensure the greatest degree of survey participation, integrity and confidence in the quality of the data. Surveys are usually carried out in cooperation with business organizations and government agencies promoting job creation and economic growth, but confidentiality is never compromised.
Firm-level data is available to the public free-of-charge. In order to access the data, users must agree to abide by a strict confidentiality agreement available through Enterprise Analysis Unit website by clicking on "External users register here" at https://www.enterprisesurveys.org/Portal
Where necessary please site the source as "Enterprise Analysis Unit - World Bank Group https://www.enterprisesurveys.org"
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.