In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
The 2000 Gambia MICS survey has been implemented to provide end-decade information on many of the indicators. Information on other indicators will be derived from the vital registration system and various diseases monitoring systems. The Gambia's MICS2 was conducted by the Central Statistics Department in collaboration with other government Departments such as the Department of Social Welfare, Department of Community Development, Department of Water Resources, Women’s Bureau, Department of State for Health and Department of State for Education. Other NGOs such as Gambia Family Planning Association (GFPA) and Gambia German Family Planning Programme also participated. Funding was provided by The Gambia UNICEF office. This report presents results on the principal topics covered in the survey and on the World Summit indicators.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household, Women, Children.
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011
The scope of the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2 includes:
- HOUSEHOLD: Household characteristics, Household listing, Education, Child labour, Maternal mortality, Water and Sanitation, Salt iodization.
- WOMEN: Women's characteristics, Rehydration solutions, Child mortality, Tetanus toxoid, Maternal and Newborn health, Contraception, and HIV/AIDS knowledge.
- CHILDREN: Children's characteristics, Birth registration and Early learning, Vitamin A, Breastfeeding, Care of illness, Malaria, Immunization, and Anthropometry.
The 2000 Gambia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative survey of households, women, and children.
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistics Department
United Nations Children's Fund
Design of Survey and Technical Support
United Nations Children's Fund
The sample for The Gambia Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) was designed to provide estimates of health indicators at the national level, for urban and rural areas, and for eight Local government Areas (LGA): Banjul, Kanifing, Brikama, Mansakonko, Kerewan, Kuntaur, Janjanbureh and Basse. The sample was selected in two stages. At the first stage, 128 census enumeration areas were selected with probability proportional to size. After a household listing was carried out within the selected enumeration areas, a systematic sample of 4,528 households was drawn. Because the sample was stratified by LGA, it is not selfweighting. For reporting national level results, sample weights are used. Full technical details of the sample are included in Appendix A of the report.
Of the 4, 536 households selected for The Gambia MICS sample, 4, 492 were found to be occupied (Table 1). Of these, 4, 478 were successfully interviewed for a household response rate of 99.7 per cent. The response rate was slightly higher in urban areas (99.9 per cent) than in rural areas (99.5 per cent). In the interviewed households, 6, 469 eligible women aged 15-49 were identified. Of these, 5,976 were successfully interviewed, yielding a response rate of 92 per cent. In addition, 3, 849 children under age five were listed in the household questionnaire. Of these, questionnaires were completed for 3, 632 children giving a response rate of 94 per cent.
Because the sample was stratified by LGA, it is not selfweighting. For reporting national level results, sample weights are used. Full technical details of the sample are included in Appendix A 0f the final report.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The field staffs were trained in two groups, the first training was conducted for field supervisors and technicians and the second was conducted for interviewers and data entry operators. The first training was done for five days in late April 2000 and the second training in early May 2000. Seven teams collected the data; each was comprised of five interviewers, one driver, and a supervisor. The MICS Co-ordinator provided overall supervision with the 20 assistant of two other field co-ordinators. The fieldwork began in May 2000 and concluded in June 2000.
The questionnaires for The Gambia MICS were based on the MICS Model Questionnaire with some modifications and additions. A household questionnaire was administered in each household, which collected various informations on household members including sex, age, literacy, marital status, and orphanhood status. The household questionnaire also includes education, child labour, maternal mortality, water and sanitation, and salt iodisation modules. In addition to a household questionnaire, questionnaires were administered in each household for women age 15-49 and children under age five. For children, the questionnaire was administered to the mother or caretaker of the child. From the MICS model English version, key terms in the questionnaires were translated into four languages: Mandinka, Wollof, Fulla and Jola. The questionnaires were pre-tested during March 2000. Based on the results of the pre-test, modifications were made to the wording and translation of the questionnaires.
The data were entered on twelve microcomputers using the Integrated Microcomputer Processing System (IMPS) software and the analysis were done using the SPSS. In order to ensure quality control, all questionnaires were double entered and internal consistency checks were performed. Procedures and standard programs developed under MICS and adapted to the Gambia questionnaire were used throughout. Data processing began in September 2000 and finished in January 2001.
The single year age distribution of household members by sex exhibits some distortions centred around age 7 for females and on ages 7, 5, and 8 for males. There appears to be significant heaping of female children on ages 6-8 and perhaps a slight dearth of women ages 15-17. For both sexes, some digit preference is evident for ages ending in 0 and 5, a pattern typical of populations in which ages are not always known. As a basic check on the quality of the survey data, the percentage of cases missing information on selected questions is shown in Table 3. Less than one per cent of household members have missing information on their level of education and zero per cent is missing data on the year of education. Among female respondents, 0.5 per cent did not report a 21 complete birth date (i.e., month and year). Two per cent of women who had a birth in the 12 months prior to the survey did not report the date of their last tetanus toxoid injection. These low levels of missing data suggest that there were not significant problems with the questions or the fieldwork. The data on number of hours for working children age 5-14 and complete birth date for children less than 5 years are the most likely among the selected information to be missing. Approximately three per cent of children are missing this information, which may be the result of women having difficulties in estimating the number of hours work, poor handling of infant welfare cards and absence of mother’s of children during the time of the interview.
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigators and the country
- the title of the survey (including acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Central Statistics Department of the Gambia and UNICEF, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2000 (MICS2000), Ref. GMB_2000_MICS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://www.childinfo.org on [date].
United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1.0 - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library