In 1998, UNICEF embarked on a process of helping countries assess progress for children at end-decade in relation to the World Summit for Children goals (New York, 1990).
The list of global indicators being used to assess progress at end-decade was developed through extensive consultation, both within UNICEF, particularly with Programme Division and the Regional Offices, and with WHO, UNESCO and the ILO. The global indicator list can be found in Annex 1 of the Executive Directive EXD/1999-03 dated 23 April 1999.
Mid decade experience
There are numerous sources of data for measuring progress at country level, but many either do not function well enough to give current and quality data, or do not provide the data required for assessing progress. Household surveys are capable of filling many of these data gaps. The mid-decade assessment led to 100 countries collecting data using the Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS), household surveys developed to obtain specific mid-decade data, or via MICS questionnaire modules carried by other surveys. By 1996, 60 developing countries had carried out stand-alone MICS, and another 40 had incorporated some of the MICS modules into other surveys. The mid-decade questionnaire and manual, the countries where a standalone MICS was implemented.
The end-decade assessment
The end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual have been developed specifically to obtain the data for 63 of the 75 end-decade indicators. These draw heavily on experiences with the mid-decade MICS and the subsequent MICS evaluation. The content is organized into question modules, for countries to adopt or omit according to the data already available. The development of the end-decade MICS questionnaire and manual has drawn on an even wider spread of organizations than the mid-decade MICS. They include WHO, UNESCO, ILO, UNAIDS, the United Nations Statistical Division, CDC Atlanta, MEASURE (USAID), Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and others.
The 2000 Iraq Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative survey of households, women, and children. The main objectives of the survey are to provide up-to-date information for assessing the situation of children and women in Iraq at the end of the decade, to furnish data needed for monitoring progress toward goals established at the World Summit for Children and as a basis for future action and to contribute to the improvement of data and monitoring systems in Iraq and to strengthen technical expertise in the design, implementation and analysis of such systems.
MICS 2000 provides a large set of detailed results, thus acquiring special significance in displaying the situation of women and children in Iraq under the sanctions imposed on the country. This report, the second in the MICS series, includes 40 tables. These tables provide a profile of the main characteristics of the sample's households, women and children and cover indicators on education, nutritional, water and sanitation, immunization, vitamin supplements, child health and morbidity, as well as indicators on family planning, antenatal health and child labour. The survey provides data on the above -mentioned indictors disaggregated by rural/urban and sex, as well as by a certain number of other key characteristics, such as number of household members, child age and mother’s/women's educational background.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Households, Women, Children.
Data downloaded from MICS2 website (www.childinfo.org) on May 24, 2011
Household information panel
Household listing form (all residents) and orphanhood questions (birth to 14)
Education module: educational attainment (age 5 or over), school attendance (age 5-17)
Child labour module (age 5-14*)
Water and sanitation module (all households)
Salt iodization module (all households)
Questionnaire for individual women (women of reproductive age, 15-49)
Women’s information panel (all eligible women, 15-49)
Child mortality module (all eligible women)
Tetanus toxoid module (all mothers with last birth within last year)
Maternal and newborn health module (all mothers with last birth within last year)
Contraceptive use module (currently married women, 15-49)
HIV/AIDS module (all women, 15-49)
Questionnaire for children under five
Birth registration and early learning module
Vitamin A module
Care of illness module
Malaria module (for high-risk areas)
The 2000 Iraq Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) is a nationally representative survey of households, women, and children.
Producers and sponsors
Central Statistical Organisation
United Nations Children’s Fund
United Nations Children’s Fund
The sample of the Iraqi MICS was designed to be representative of the whole country and for rural and urban areas1, and covered all the 18 governorates of Iraq. Sample size was set the sample size at 13,430 households. The sample size was initially distributed equally among the 18 governorates with the exception of Baghdad where the rural percentage was increased from 10 percent to 25 percent, due to the relatively small size of its rural population. Thus, each governorate was allocated an equal sample size of 740 households except Baghdad with a sample size of 850 households. The sample was to be distributed to clusters of equal size. It was decided to work on a cluster size of 10 households. Before selecting the sample of each one of the 18 governorates -through three stages stratified random sampling method- the sample of each governorate was distributed among its Qada'as2, and among the rural and urban areas of each Qada'a, in proportion to the size of population. Accordingly, the number of household (clusters) of the urban and of the rural areas of each governorate was determined. The sampling process was done in three stages and as follows:
First stage:Mahalas/Villages in each Qada'a were listed with the measure of population size in each Mahala/Village. A number of Mahallas and Villages were selected according to probability proportionate to size sampling.
Second stage: Each selected Mahala in the urban area, and village in the rural area, was divided into segments with a population of approximately 500 each. One segment or more was selected according to probability proportionate to size sampling method. Then each segment was divided into blocks or Majals with 25-30 households in urban area and 20-25 households in rural areas. One Majal was then selected by simple random sampling.
Third stage: Within each selected Majal an update of existing household listing was carried out and a cluster of 10 households was selected by systematic random sampling.
Of the 13,430 households selected for the sample, 13,114 were reached. Of these, 13,011 were successfully interviewed yielding a household response rate of 99.2 per cent countrywide, 99.3 per cent response rate for the urban areas, and 99.2 per cent for the rural areas. In the interviewed households of the sample, 23,079 eligible women (age 15-49) were identified. Of these, 22994 women were successfully interviewed, giving a rate of 1.77 eligible woman per interviewed household. Thus giving an eligible women response rate of 99.6 per cent countrywide, 99.6 per cent in urban areas, and 99.7 percent in rural areas. In addition, the sample contained 14,744 children, of whom 14,676 were interviewed (i.e. at the rate of 1.13 child per household selected). The response rate of children was 99.5 per cent for the whole country, 99.6 per cent and 99.5 per cent for the urban areas and rural areas respectively .
Since the sampling fractions, i.e. ratio of sample size to population size, varies from one governorate to another, it was necessary -when calculating averages of more than one statistical strata- to weigh households and persons covered by the survey in each governorate with weights that are inversely proportional to the sampling fractions. Because of this procedure all the indicators cited in this report are weighted indicators that have taken into account the relative significance of the population size of each governorate (or stratum).
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Data Collection Notes
The fieldwork lasted 26 days. To ensure timely and efficient conduct, detailed workplan was drawn for carrying it out. The basic framework of this plan was the following:
- Each member of the National Steering Committee was designated/appointed as a central supervisor for 2-3 governorates.
- The director of the statistical office of each governorate was appointed as local supervisor of the fieldwork in the governorate concerned with the head of care unit of the directorate of health of the governorate as an aid in supervision.
- In each governorate 4 teams carried out the fieldwork. Each team had one female doctor or health personnel from the directorate of health of the governorate and a statistician from the statistical office of the governorate.
- In each governorate a committee of 3 was formed to do the local editing. The committee's members belonged to the following bodies of the governorate;
- The General Directorate for Education
- General Commission for Water and Sewerage
- Statistical Office
The questionnaire is based on the MICS model questionnaire provided by UNICEF, which contains modules on households, women aged (15-49), and children under 5. The questionnaire used is based on the Arabic translation of the English core questionnaire, provided by the MENARO, with some revisions and adaptations. The child Mortality module was excluded, the HIV module was revised to suit local conditions, the optional modules on child disability and night blindness were included, and additional questions on breast feeding, water and sanitation, and maternal and newborn health were incorporated in the relevant modules.
The Arabic version was reviewed closely and repeatedly to ensure its consistency with the original version on the one hand and its suitability with the local terminology/vocabulary on the other. To detect problem areas and minimise misinterpretations, the endorsed questionnaire was pre-tested in August 2000. Based on the results of the pre-test, modifications were made as deemed necessary.
For data entry, CSO for the first time applied the software package (EPI Info). Senior staffs were trained to supervise operation of this package. In the year 2000, two data analysts participated in a workshop held in Syria for training on this software. However, the data entry and processing programmes, which were developed by the consultative team supervising the survey globally, have been adapted to comply with the modifications made to the questionnaire and the tabulation plan. These modifications were reviewed carefully and thoroughly by the international consultant hired by UNICEF for the survey. The modified programme was put to trial through the pre-test. Intensive training on supervision of data entry and processing was then provided for 13 programmers and system analysts of CSO's computer department. 53 of CSO staff were trained on data entry. They worked in two shifts (morning and evening) for around 30 days. During this period, editing and validation were carried out according to the methodology set in the EPI-Info software. All entries of the questionnaires verified/audited both logically and computationally. Afterwards, files on households, women and children were merged. General and detailed tabulations of the survey results were developed after verification of the processes of review, evaluation, merging files, weighing of data according to the procedure described below and conformity of figures of indicators across all tabulations.
Dataset available free of charge to registered users (www.childinfo.org).
MICS2 has put greater efforts in not only properly documenting the results published in the MICS2 country reports, but also to maximize the use of micro data sets via documentation and dissemination. For those MICS2 countries that granted UNICEF direct access to the micro data sets and documentation, a rigorous process was completed to ensure internal and external consistency, basic standards of data quality, corresponding documentation and, standardization of variable and value labels across countries.
Use of the dataset must be acknowledged using a citation which would include:
- the Identification of the Primary Investigators and the country
- the title of the survey (including acronym and year of implementation)
- the survey reference number
- the source and date of download
Central Statistical Office Labour Division of Iraq and UNICEF, Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2000, (MICS 2000), Ref. IRQ_2000_MICS_v01_M. Dataset downloaded from http://www.childinfo.org on [date].
United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF)
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1.0 - Prepared by IHSN/World Bank Microdata Library