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Citation Information

Type Working Paper - World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2244
Title True world income distribution, 1988 and 1993: First calculations, based on household surveys alone
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 1999
URL http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/1999/12/30/000094946_99121105​392984/Rendered/PDF/multi_page.pdf
Milanovic derives the distribution of individuals' income or expenditures for two years, 1988 and 1993. His is the first paper to calculate world distribution for individuals based entirely on data from household surveys. The data, from 91 countries, are adjusted for differences in purchasing power parity between countries. \n\nMeasured by the Gini index, inequality increased from an already high 63 in 1988 to 66 in 1993. This increase was driven more by rising differences in mean incomes between countries than by rising inequalities within countries.\n\nContributing most to the inequality were rising urban rural differences in China and the slower growth of rural purchasing-power-adjusted incomes in South Asia than in several large developed market economies.\n\n\n

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