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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Journal of Family and Economic Issues
Title The effect of parental presence, parents’ education, and household headship on adolescents’ schooling and work in Latin America
Volume 27
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2006
Page numbers 263-286
URL http://www.springerlink.com/content/d522610w6062x161/
We investigate how the presence and education of parents affect adolescents’ school attendance, work participation, and school attainment in Brazil, Ecuador, Nicaragua and Panama. Across the four countries, approximately 20% of adolescents live in single-mother families and 4% in single-father families. Adolescents who live in single-mother families have significantly lower school attendance and attainment than adolescents who live with both parents. However, the effects of living in a single-mother family are small relative to the effects of parents’ education. Adolescents who live in single-mother families are not more likely to work than adolescents in two-parent families. Finally, targeting benefits to children in single-mother families would reach more children at risk of poor school outcomes than targeting children in female-headed households.

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