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Citation Information

Type Journal Article - Development Southern Africa
Title Dualism or underdevelopment in South Africa: What does a quantitative assessment of poverty, inequality and employment reveal?
Volume 24
Issue 2
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2007
Page numbers 271-287
URL http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/routledg/cdsa/2007/00000024/00000002/art00004
Debate over the nature of South African society has continued through the first decade of democratic government, including the question of a 'First' and a 'Second' economy. This paper focuses on the numbers and characteristics of those who might fit into the 'Second'. The data examined suggest that both poverty and inequality have increased in South Africa since 1993, while also suggesting the presence of poverty traps that may hinder mobility and prevent individuals getting ahead despite the dramatic economic and political reforms since 1994. We estimate that some 6.2 million could be described as belonging to the 'Second' economy. However, we argue that there is more to the relationship between those who are marginalised and those who are benefiting from South Africa's achievement than a dualistic and disarticulated 'First' and 'Second' economy. Linkages of inclusion and exclusion determine the size, characteristics and future of the two economies. \n

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