Child consumption poverty in South-Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States

Type Conference Paper - The International Association for Research in Income and Wealth
Title Child consumption poverty in South-Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States
Publication (Day/Month/Year) 2006
City Jonesuu
Country/State Finland
This paper examines consumption poverty in recent years among children in 19countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States and South Eastern Europe. The main measure used – current household consumption tested against an absolute poverty threshold of US $2.15 converted at Purchasing Power Parity exchange rates – is found to be reasonably robust to sensitivity testing, and to correlate well with non-income indicators of well-being among children. Absolute poverty among children ishighest where national income is lowest, and where the density of children in thepopulation is highest. Relative poverty (using the same measure of resources) on theother hand is higher in countries with higher levels of national income. The paper disaggregates child poverty in two ways – according to householdcomposition, and according to its urban, rural and regional dimensions. The mostimportant findings from a policy point of view are the strong rural character of childpoverty in several countries, and the relationship between child population density (atthe level of the country, the sub-national region, and the household) and child poverty:where child population shares are higher, child poverty is also higher. This relationship,moreover, may have strengthened over time. Child population density needs to be seenmore as a trigger to redistribution. In addition, the paper finds that in some countries,poverty among children of single parents is mitigated by a number of factors particular to the region, in particular migration and remittances. However, parental migration toeconomically support children raises important questions about material versus otheraspects of child well-being that warrant further analysi

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