Question 1: Dwelling type
1. Observe, investigate, and mark the type of dwelling:
 1 Independent house
 2 Independent house in condominium
 3 Apartment building
 4 Apartment building in condominium
 5 Traditional indigenous dwelling (tipi or ranch)
 6 Room in bunkhouse
 7 Shanty
 8 Other (premise, mobile home, boat, truck)
 9 barracks for workers
 10 children's shelter
 11 home for the elderly
 12 prison
 13 other (guesthouse, convent)
 14 Person without dwelling (go to Block IV)
The record of the Type of Dwelling is completed by direct observation and investigation with the informant.
The different types of dwellings are described below:
An independent house is a structure that contains a single dwelling that has a direct exit to the street, public walkway, plot, or highway. It can be a structure that has a multi-level dwelling provided that the structure is composed of a single dwelling
Independent house in condominium
An independent house in condominium possesses the same characteristics of the previous category (independent house), except that, differently than the independent house, these are part of a condominium, that's to say, the owner of the dwelling is part of an assembly of condominiums and is co-owner of the common areas of the site, such as the gardens, recreation spaces, pools, and others.
You should investigate whether or not it is part of a condominium, as there are closed neighborhoods that could be confused with this category.
Dwellings in apartment buildings are dwellings that form part of a building of two or more floors that have access to a public space through a hallway, corridor, stairs, or elevator. The dwellings from the first floor that have direct access to the street are also considered within this category.
By extension, dwellings that have been transformed or converted, that means that above the dwelling of the first floor a second floor has been constructed with an independent entrance are also considered dwellings in an apartment building.
Apartment building in condominium
Dwellings in apartment buildings in condominiums are dwellings that form part of a building of two or more floors. In contrast to the previous category (apartment building) these are part of a condominium, such that the owner of the dwelling is part of an assembly of condominiums and is co-owner of the common areas of the site, such as the gardens, recreation spaces, pools, and others.
Because of this you should investigate if it is found within the presence of a condominium. These dwellings have access to a public space through a hallway, corridor, stairs, or elevator.
The dwellings of the first floor of the building that have direct access to the street are also considered within this category.
Traditional indigenous dwelling (tipi or ranch)
Non-traditional dwelling that houses one or more indigenous households, which was constructed with natural materials of local origin, or extracted from nature according to the traditions of each village.
On occasion, this type of dwellings tends to combine natural materials with artificial materials, like for example, a zinc roof with
walls of chonta or wood with a woody grass roof. In this case it will also be considered a traditional indigenous dwelling.
In this way, you could also consider the case of the indigenous households of indigenous that were offered a dwelling of prefabricated materials and in addition use a dwelling made with natural materials. In these cases, both dwellings will be considered one single dwelling, in the category "traditional indigenous dwelling."
Room in bunkhouse
Rooms or small spaces within a single building that are used as a dwelling to house one or various people. Within this construction the rooms are used like individual dwellings to house one or various people. These have a single direct access to the street and each room has its own single exit to a common hallway.
In general the shower and sanitary service is of collective use; they do not have individual basic services (electricity and water) but rather are shared (by a same meter/gauge).
The bunkhouses lodge individual households and each one makes the rules for their room. Each room in a bunkhouse constitutes an individual dwelling.
If it is not possible to obtain interviews in this type of dwellings immediately communicate with the supervisor in order to take the measures necessary to collect the information.
A shanty is an enclosure constructed provisionally with waste materials (generally in poor condition) like cardboard, boards, old cans, among others. It is constructed with the objective of responding to an immediate housing need and is generally an improvised enclosure.
Any other type of dwelling like a mobile home, boat, truck, camp tent or housing enclosures designed originally with purposes other than those of housing people, such as dwellings in premises, within mechanic workshops, warehouses, stables, factories, garages, guard stations, or caves and natural refuges amongst others.
If in your registered area there is a collective dwelling in which there are more than 15 habitual residents, communicate the situation with your supervisor in order to determine the process to follow.
If, on the contrary, you find a collective dwelling with fewer than 15 habitual residents proceed in the following way:
Completely fill in Block 1: Location
Respond to question 1 of Block II: Characteristics of the dwelling, indicating the type of collective dwelling
Then continue on to Block III, question 3, and list all the habitual residents
Complete question 6 and continue according to the sequence of the questionnaire
The collective dwellings are classified as:
Barracks for workers: site dedicated to temporarily housing people that carry out work in a determined place, these tending to be structures adapted as dwellings. These are generally found within a site where labor is carried out for example, large constructions, coffee farms, or another type of plantation, amongst others.
Children's shelter: dwelling or building designed to house children and adolescents that for diverse reasons cannot live with their family members. They can belong to the National Board of Youth (PANI) or they can be private institutions.
Home for the elderly: dwelling or building designed to house the elderly that for diverse reasons cannot live with their family members. They can be public or private.
Prison: institution designed for the reclusion of people deprived of liberty, like reformatories for youth or jails for adults.
Other (guesthouse, convent): these can be hotels, pensions, rehabilitation centers, guesthouses, boarding houses, student residencies, sanatoriums, convents, monasteries or seminaries, amongst others.
Person without a dwelling
This is the person that does not have an enclosure nor habitual residency in which to lodge, like those that sleep in the streets, parks, vacant lots, abandoned buildings, or under bridges but without having constructed a structure that protects them from inclement weather.
In this case proceed in the following way:
You must complete an individual questionnaire for each person without a dwelling
Completely fill out Block 1: Location
Answer Question 1 from Block II: Characteristics of the Dwelling with the code 14 "person without a dwelling." Go to Block IV and continue the interview respecting the steps of the questionnaire.