The Republic of Congo has served for over a decade as a host country for refugees following repetitive armed conflicts known in the subregion. The latest is the Central African armed disturbance unleashed in March 2013. This conflict has caused a massive influx of people to the countries bordering the Central African Republic. In Congo, the majority of refugees have been received in the department of Likouala. This influx was added to the DRC and Rwandan refugees already present in the area.
Since the beginning of the operation, the humanitarian organizations, AARREC, Solidarité Internationale and the Congolese Red Cross have implemented the actions Water Hygiene and Sanitation in the hosting camps and villages through the financing of UNHCR. Various structures (latrines, wells and boreholes, washing area, etc.) have been installed for the benefit of the beneficiaries.
The aim of these actions is to ensure for all sites: (i) access to sufficient and good quality drinking water, (ii) sustainable access to sanitation facilities, and (iii) improve knowledge and practices in personal and collective hygiene. To better understand and measure the current state of knowledge and practices of the populations living in the various refugee sites, a KAP survey focusing on water, hygiene and sanitation issues was conducted from December 13 to 27, 2017. The survey results reported in this document will also serve as a benchmark for measuring the impact of actions conducted in the area of the operation at the end of each year.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
KAP survey focusing on water, hygiene and sanitation practices and issues with the following unit of analysis: household
v2.0: Edited, anonymous dataset (SUF)
The scope of the survey includes:
- HOUSEHOLD: household main characteristics, water and sanitation hygiene and practices
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Sub-Prefectures of Betou Centre and Ikpemgbele with a focus on the following neighberhoods:
Betou Centre: Ca Metre, Monzombo, Site du 15 Avril and Yende
Producers and sponsors
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
The overall sample size constitutes of 254 households, including 210 households in Betou Center and 44 households in Ikpengbele.
A two-stage sampling methodology was used in this survey for the Bétou area. For the first stage, the Bétou area was divided into four sites (Ca Mètre, Monzombo, Yende and the site 15 Avril). These sites were in turn subdivided into clusters in a way that each household on the site has the same chance of being selected. This result is obtained using the probability proportional to size method.
For the second step, the households in each cluster to be surveyed were selected by the team leaders using a systematic draw according to the size of each zone.
In the case of Ikpengbele, a systematic sampling at 10% of the total number of households registered in the area was used, i.e. 44 households. The identification of households to be surveyed after allocating clusters to all areas was done at random.
Sample weights for the household data were computed as the inverse of the probability of selection of the household, computed at the sampling domain level (camp)
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
UNHCR, The UN Refugee Agency
Data was anonymized through recoding and local suppression
UNHCR (2017) KAP WASH Survey - 2017 in the Republic of Congo. UNHCR's Microdata Library: https://microdata.unhcr.org
Archive where study is originally stored
United Nations Refugee Agency Microdata Library
Original Archive Study ID: UNHCR_COG_2017_KAP_v2.1
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1 (April 2021). This version is identical to UNHCR DDI ID: DDI_UNHCR_COG_2017_KAP_v1.0 except the following edits were made:
- Minor spelling, grammatical, and formatting corrections
- Standardized country name with WBG country names
- Specified the archive where study is originally stored