Vulnerability Assessment of Refugees of Other Nationalities - 2019
Since 2016, the Vulnerability Assessment of Refugees of Other Nationalities (VARON) has been a key tool for advocacy and program design. The key objectives of the VARON include:
• Providing a multi-sectoral update of the situation of refugees from Iraq and other countries in Lebanon through an annual household survey. The survey covers key indicators related to multiple sectors including protection, shelter, water and hygiene, health, livelihoods, socio-economic vulnerability, food security and more.
• To enhance the targeting for the provision of multi-purpose cash assistance. The data gathered through the VARON, particularly on expenditure, is used to build econometric models, which are used to determine eligibility for multi-purpose cash and food assistance.
Unit of Analysis
Household and individual.
v2.1: Edited, cleaned and anonymised data.
The questionnaire included key indicators on household demographics, legal documentation, safety and security, shelter, WASH, health, food security, livelihoods, expenditures, food consumption, debt, coping strategies and assistance, as well as questions specifically relating to women, children and people with disabilities.
The scope includes:
- key indicators on household demographics
- safety and security
- food security
- food consumption
- coping strategies and assistance
- intention to return
- legal documentation
Health and Nutrition
Livelihood & Social cohesion
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Producers and sponsors
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
The assessment surveyed a total of 665 refugee households (1,823 individuals) of Iraqi and other nationalities registered with UNHCR Lebanon. The total number of households in the UNHCR registration database as of March 2019 was used as the sampling pool from which the targeted sample was selected. Sampling occurred through simple random sampling, separately for Iraqi refugees and refugees of other nationalities to ensure representative results for each population group. The distribution of this refugee population in Lebanon in concentrated in 2 of the 26 districts (Beirut and Mount Lebanon). As such, no geographical stratification was applied to the sample methodology.
Weights were assigned to each nationality group (Iraqi and non Iraqi) according to the population of refugees registered in the country. The weighting system was used to compensate for the unequal probabilities of a household/individual being included in the sample.
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
Social, Humanitarian, Economical Intervention for Local Development
World Vision International
The questionnaire included key information on household demographics, arrival profile, registration, protection, shelter, WASH, assets, health, security, livelihoods, expenditures, food consumption, coping strategies, debts and assistance, as well as infant and young feeding practices.
The questionnaire is a household survey administered typically with the head of household or another adult household member. The interview took around 1 hour per household to complete.
UNHCR, WFP, UNICEF (2019) Vulnerability Assessment of Non Syrian Refugees in Lebanon, UNHCR microdata library, https://microdata.unhcr.org
Archive where study is originally stored
United Nations Refugee Agency Microdata Library
Original Archive Study ID: UNHCR_LBN_varon_2019
DDI Document ID
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 1 (May 2021). This version is identical to UNHCR DDI ID: UNHCR_LBN_varon_2019, except the following edits were made:
- Minor spelling, grammatical, and formatting corrections
- Specified the archive where study is originally stored