Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Survey – Maratane Refugee Camp 2019
Demographic and Health Survey [hh/dhs]
Maratane Refugee Camp is found in Northern Mozambique, Nampula Province, and is located around 35 kms from the capital city Nampula. The camp was established in February 2001, and since 2003, it has become the only reception center and official settlement in Mozambique, where asylum seekers and refugees can be registered and assisted. Currently, Maratane Refugee camp hosts approximately 9,242 refugees, which are mainly from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Somalia and other nationalities.
Maratane Camp is the only refugee camp in the country and is managed by the Instituto Nacional de Apoio aos Refugiados (INAR). INAR is UNHCR's main government counterpart, and operates under the jurisdiction of the Ministry for Internal Affairs. INAR is divided into several units, including Protection/RSD, program, Registration and Logistics and is also UNHCR WASH partner for providing WASH service in the camp.
In order to understand the current status and level of WASH service in the camp, UNHCR had conducted a WASH KAP (Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices) survey through coordination with INAR. Accordingly, a total of 433 households from different zones of the camp were interviewed using UNHCR's standard WASH KAP survey questionnaire which was pre-tested and adapted to local context.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Version 2.0: Edited, anonymized dataset for licensed distribution
The KAP survey was conducted to enable and help UNHCR and INAR to better understand the current status and level of WASH service in the camp and also to use the result of the survey as a baseline for planning and implementation of the WASH intervention. The KAP survey has looked at water supply, sanitation and hygiene behaviors practiced in the camp through the lens of community perceptions and it is expected to help on to strengthen the WASH intervention in the camp.
Below are the main objectives of the survey:
a) To establish a baseline of the beneficiaries' knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding water, sanitation and hygiene related behavior.
b) To help as a basis for revising and updating the country WASH strategy and also to recommend on the activities that need to be adjusted or strengthened to improve the WASH intervention in the camp
Health and Nutrition
Water Sanitation Hygiene
Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)
Housing, Land and Property
Maratane Refugee Camp, which is found in Northern Mozambique, Nampula Province, located around 35 kms from the capital city Nampula.
All households in Maratane's 5 camp zones.
Producers and sponsors
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
As per the data obtained from UNHCR registration team, there are 9,244 refugees and 2.942 HH in Maratane refugee camp. Accordingly, a total of 365 HH were selected as sample size using UNHCR sample size calculator and consequently allocated proportionally to each zone and transit center based on the size of the zones. Since UNHCR does not have a compiled list of households in excel, the households to be interviewed were selected randomly using the HH address. Accordingly, the enumerators selected every second or third household to interview in their assigned zones to make it more random.
Weight was calculated dividing the total number of refugee households in each camp's zone, according to available data, by the number of households in the dataset.
The questionnaire included the following sections:
A. General information and demographics
B. Water collection and storage
C. Drinking water hygiene
F. Health messaging
G. Distribution of NFI
H. Diarrhea prevalence, knowledge and health seeking behaviour
I. Menstrual hygiene
Dates of Data Collection
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Data Collection Notes
Accordingly each enumerator was given the phone every morning to do the survey and the enumerators were returning the phones at the end of the day to their supervisors which were from UNHCR, INAR and Health center. Since there is no internet connection on the phones and as the auto send setting for sending the finalized forms to the server on the mobile phone was not activated, after being reviewed by the supervisors, the phones were given to UNHCR WASH officer who is responsible for manually sending finalized forms from the phones to the server. The data obtained were checked after each day of data collection and feedback was given to the enumerators the next day to clarify any ambiguities in the data collected the day before.
After uploading the data to the server, analysis was done using the functions on the platform and using UNHCR WASH KAP analyzer and KAP Mapper.
A debriefing discussion was made with the enumerators at the end of each day to hear the feedback from the community, which has assisted in increasing the understanding of the WASH situation in the camp. A one-day workshop was also organized with the WASH partner and UNHCR staffs to discuss on the findings of the survey.