In September 2014, the Government of El Salvador created the Consejo Nacional de Seguridad Ciudadana y Convivencia (CNSCC), whose main objective is to promote and facilitate dialogue and agreement around public policies on justice, citizen security and coexistence. Through this space, the Plan El Salvador Seguro (PESS) was discussed and approved in 2015, which consists of five axes and hundreds of actions to confront violence and crime, guarantee access to justice and protection for victims of all types of crime. In the framework of the implementation of Axis 4 of the PESS (attention and protection of victims), and given the State's concern to determine the characteristics and impact of internal mobility due to violence in El Salvador, the Ministry of Justice and Public Security (MJSP), in coordination with the Secretariat of Governance and Communications (SEGOB), promoted the realization of a profiling study on the dimension, tendencies and profiles of the people and families forced to diplace internally due to violence in recent years. For this effort, the support of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was requested. The study shows that in El Salvador internal mobility is a multi-causal phenomenon, with the economic and family reasons being predominant. With a significantly lower incidence, it is confirmed that acts of violence or crimes committed against the population are located as the third cause of internal mobility of the population in recent years. According to the information collected, in 1.1% of resident families at least one of its members was forced to change their usual place of residence within El Salvador as to avoid the effects of facts of violence.
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Household and individual.
Version 2.1: Edited, cleaned and anonymised data.
The scope of the survey includes:
- household and individual demographics
- dwelling characteristics
- food security
- safety and risks
Health and Nutrition
Livelihood & Social cohesion
Internally Displaced People
Producers and sponsors
UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR)
General Directorate of Statistics and Census (DIGESTYC)
Government of El Salvador
Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences (FLACSO)
Joint IDP Profiling Service (JIPS)
The survey's objective was to deliver representative data of households affected by internal displacement at national level. For this survey a stratified sample design was applied to take into account that the distribution of the displaced population is more concentrated in certain geographical areas of the country. The total number of internally displaced persons at the time of the survey was estimated at around 71,500 people. The total sample size was 430 internally displaced households (around 1,650 people).
Weights were calculated for each stratum independently according to the selection probabilities of the sample design (total size of each stratum over sample size)
Dates of Data Collection
Data Collection Mode
The questionnaire included the following sections: household characteristics, dwelling, livelihoods, incidents and displacement, individual characteristics.
Version 01 (December 2022): This metadata was downloaded from the UNHCR catalog (https://microdata.unhcr.org/index.php/home) and it is identical to UNHCR version (UNHCR_SLV_2016_PROFILING_v2.1). The following two metadata fields were edited - Document ID and Survey ID.