In this paper, I developed a unitary household model to analyze the determinants of child labor and school attendance and the interdependence of these two decisions.Data from Kosovo and Iraq are used to test the conclusions of the theoretical model.Boys are found to work more and also have higher school attendance rates. This result suggests that in some circumstances, child labor and schooling can work together.Although I do found that they are competing in most cases. Different school attendance rates across regions imply that school availability and school quality are important factors that affect parents’ decision on whether send that children to school or to work. Poverty and tradition also have effects on child labor and schoolattendance. So government should build more schools, improve the quality of existing schools, provide food supplement to poor households, and carry out propaganda campaigns to tell people the importance of education to their children and eliminate traditional notions that hinder the schooling of children, especially girls.