Hand the book to the child upside down, with the cover facing up toward the child.
16-A. We are going to look at a book and I need your help. Show me how you would open it so we can read it.
Incorrect/Do not know
Child opens the book appropriately (turns book so words or picture are no longer upside down)
Warning: these figures indicate the number of cases found in the data file. They cannot be interpreted as summary statistics of the population of interest.
1 stands for "correct response" and signifies that the child demonstrated the skill being assessed.
0 stands for "incorect response". That is 0 means the child does not have or did not demonstrate the skill being assessed.
999 stands for "refused to respond". Refused answer is only to be used when a child literally refused to respond to a question.