Participatory Small Irrigation Development Programme I, IFAD Impact Assessment Surveys 2016
Other Household Survey [hh/oth]
In the face of recurrent climatic shocks across many countries that negatively affect farmers income, undermine the impact of investments, IFAD has been promoting the resilience of vulnerable smallholders through investments that enhance farmers capacity to mitigate, recover and adapt to shocks and chronic stresses.
The Participatory Small-Scale Irrigation Development Programme (PASIDP) was implemented to improve the food security, family nutrition, and income of poor rural households living in drought-prone and food-deficit areas in Amhara, Oromia, Tigray, and Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR) in Ethiopia through a sustainable farmer-owned and -managed system of small-scale irrigated agriculture.
Amongst others, some of the PASIDP approaches to achieving the goal were to: innovatively build on indigenous knowledge; promote beneficiary participation in the selection, construction, operation, maintenance and management of irrigation schemes; and secure communal ownership through grassroots organizations such as water users' association.
At the start, food-deficit woredas (districts) under the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) that are high density, drought prone and food insecure were selected to participate in the project. Then, following a participatory approach, the woreda and kebele (sub-districts) officials along with community leaders, selected the type of small-scale irrigation scheme most appropriate for the area based on the local conditions and implementation capacity of the targeted beneficiaries. Implemented from March 2008 to September 2015, the PASIDP project constructed a total of 121 irrigation schemes and benefitted about 62,000 households.
For more information, please, click on the following link: https://www.ifad.org/en/web/knowledge/-/publication/impact-assessment-participatory-small-scale-irrigation-development-programme
Kind of Data
Sample survey data [ssd]
Unit of Analysis
Poor rural households
The survey covers the following topics:
Livestock expenditure and income
Source of income
Shocks and resilience
Household food expenditure and consumption
Household non-food expenditures
Access to irrigation services
Access to rural infrastructures
Access to credit
Access to information
Access to assistance programs
Social and capacity-building support
Risk and time preferences.
Four regions (Amhara, Oromia, SNNPR, and Tigray) of Ethiopia, which were selected by the Government of Ethiopia (GOE).
Producers and sponsors
International Fund for Agricultural Development
Government of Ethiopia
Approximately 10 beneficiary kebeles were randomly selected per region from the 93 treated Kebeles to obtain a sufficiently representative sample of all kebeles covered by the project. In addition, 10 control kebeles were randomly sampled from non-beneficiary kebeles that had similar agro-climatic indicators, geographical landscape, and agricultural activities. After selecting the Kebeles, around 13 households were randomly selected out of the total 300 to 400 households living in each beneficiary and non-beneficiary kebeles. In total, 1,033 beneficiary and non-beneficiary households were sampled from the four regions. In summary, the beneficiaries (treatment group) resided in areas that had a functioning PASIDP irrigation scheme in place for at least one year to ensure that the benefits from irrigation to their agricultural activities could be observed. The non-beneficiaries (control group) resided instead in areas without any PASIDP-related activities, but with similar agro-climatic indicators, geographical landscape, and agricultural activities.
The high-frequency data contained detailed information on access to irrigation water supply, agricultural production and household expenditure, along with a full set of household-level data such as household demographics, social and economic characteristics, and special modules on risk management strategies, coping strategies and self-perceived shocks which were measured across four rounds. This information was used to construct a number of impact indicators and generate a wide range of household level explanatory variables to be used in the analysis. Self-reported shocks in the survey were also complemented with an objective shock measure, notably the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI), which was used as a covariate in the analysis. Such indicator is an extension of the widely used Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI).
Note: some variables may have missing labels. Please, refer to the questionnaire for more details.
Dates of Data Collection
Mode of data collection
Computer Assisted Personal Interview [capi]
Is signing of a confidentiality declaration required?
Confidentiality declaration text
The users shall not take any action with the purpose of identifying any individual entity (i.e. person, household, enterprise, etc.) in the micro dataset(s). If such a disclosure is made inadvertently, no use will be made of the information, and it will be reported immediately to FAO.
Micro datasets disseminated by FAO shall only be allowed for research and statistical purposes. Any user which requests access working for a commercial company will not be granted access to any micro dataset regardless of their specified purpose. Users requesting access to any datasets must agree to the following minimal conditions:
The micro dataset will only be used for statistical and/or research purposes;
Any results derived from the micro dataset will be used solely for reporting aggregated information, and not for any specific individual entities or data subjects;
The users shall not take any action with the purpose of identifying any individual entity (i.e. person, household, enterprise, etc.) in the micro dataset(s). If such a disclosure is made inadvertently, no use will be made of the information, and it will be reported immediately to FAO;
The micro dataset cannot be re-disseminated by users or shared with anyone other than the individuals that are granted access to the micro dataset by FAO.
The use of the dataset should be referenced in any publication, using the following citation:
International Fund for Agricultural Development. Participatory Small Irrigation Development Programme I, IFAD Impact Assessment Surveys, Ethiopia, 2018. Dataset downloaded from https://microdata.fao.org.
Disclaimer and copyrights
The user of the data acknowledges that the original collector of the data, the authorized distributor of the data, and the relevant funding agency bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.
DDI Document ID
Office of Chief Statistician
Food and Agriculture Organization
Development Economics Data Group
The World Bank
Metadata adapted for World Bank Microdata Library
Date of Metadata Production
DDI Document version
Version 01 (February 2023): This metadata was downloaded from the FAO website (https://microdata.fao.org/index.php/catalog) and it is identical to FAO version (ETH_2018_PASIDP-IIAS_v01_EN_M_v01_A_OCS). The following two metadata fields were edited - Document ID and Survey ID.